guru

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See also: Guru, gurú, gūru, and gurū

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi गुरू ‎(guru) / Urdu گرو ‎(guru), from Sanskrit गुरु ‎(gurú, venerable, respectable), originally "heavy" and in this sense cognate to English grieve. (A traditional etymology based on the Advaya Taraka Upanishad (line 16)[1] describes the syllables gu as 'darkness' and ru as 'destroyer', thus meaning "one who destroys/dispels darkness")

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊ.ɹuː/, /ˈɡuː.ɹuː/

Noun[edit]

guru ‎(plural gurus)

  1. A Hindu or Sikh spiritual teacher. [from 17th c.]
    • 1817, William Ward, History, Literature and Religion of the Hindoos, vol II:
      When the gooroo arrives at the house of a disciple, the whole family prostrate themselves at his feet, and the spiritual guide puts his right foot on the heads of the prostrate family.
    • 2010, Wendy Shanker, The Guardian, 10 May 2010:
      Traditionally, a guru is a spiritual teacher who guides a student on the road to Enlightenment, or finding God.
  2. (sometimes humorous) An influential advisor or mentor. [from 20th c.]
    • 2004, ‘Vintage technology’, Time, 18 Oct 2004:
      Many oenophiles rely on the ratings and recommendations of wine guru Robert Parker when selecting the perfect bottle.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Advaya Taraka Upanishad(English Translation)”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed December 15, 2011

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m

  1. guru (spiritual teacher)
  2. guru (leader or expert in a field)

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru

  1. A guru

Declension[edit]

Inflection of guru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative guru gurut
genitive gurun gurujen
partitive gurua guruja
illative guruun guruihin
singular plural
nominative guru gurut
accusative nom. guru gurut
gen. gurun
genitive gurun gurujen
partitive gurua guruja
inessive gurussa guruissa
elative gurusta guruista
illative guruun guruihin
adessive gurulla guruilla
ablative gurulta guruilta
allative gurulle guruille
essive guruna guruina
translative guruksi guruiksi
instructive guruin
abessive gurutta guruitta
comitative guruineen

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m ‎(plural gurus)

  1. Alternative spelling of gourou

Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

gūr̃ū m ‎(plural guraye)

  1. A large leather belt, usually containing charms.

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English guru, from Hindi गुरू ‎(gurū), from Sanskrit गुरु ‎(guru, heavy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡuru]
  • Hyphenation: guru

Noun[edit]

guru ‎(plural guruk)

  1. guru

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative guru guruk
accusative gurut gurukat
dative gurunak guruknak
instrumental guruval gurukkal
causal-final guruért gurukért
translative guruvá gurukká
terminative guruig gurukig
essive-formal guruként gurukként
essive-modal
inessive guruban gurukban
superessive gurun gurukon
adessive gurunál guruknál
illative guruba gurukba
sublative gurura gurukra
allative guruhoz gurukhoz
elative guruból gurukból
delative gururól gurukról
ablative gurutól guruktól
Possessive forms of guru
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. gurum guruim
2nd person sing. gurud guruid
3rd person sing. guruja gurui
1st person plural gurunk guruink
2nd person plural gurutok guruitok
3rd person plural gurujuk guruik

Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru

  1. A teacher

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m ‎(invariable)

  1. A guru (religious or spiritual leader; influential person)

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

gurū

  1. ablative singular of gurus

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit गुरु ‎(gurú)

Noun[edit]

guru

  1. educator, teacher, instructor

Mapudungun[edit]

A red fox (Vulpes vulpes).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru ‎(using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. A fox

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit गुरु ‎(gurú)

Noun[edit]

guru m ‎(indecl)

  1. guru

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit गुरु ‎(gurú, venerable, respectable), originally "heavy", from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m (plural gurus)

  1. guru (spiritual teacher)

Noun[edit]

guru m f (plural gurus)

  1. guru (advisor, mentor)

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

gȕru m ‎(Cyrillic spelling гу̏ру)

  1. guru

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi गुरू ‎(guru) / Urdu گرو ‎(guru), from Sanskrit गुरु ‎(guru, venerable, respectable).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guru m ‎(genitive singular gurua, nominative plural guruovia, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. guru

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • guru in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk