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See also: Grieve and griève



Etymology 1[edit]

From the conjugated forms of Old French grever (to burden), from Latin gravō, from adjective gravis (grave).


grieve (third-person singular simple present grieves, present participle grieving, simple past and past participle grieved)

  1. (transitive) To cause sorrow or distress to.
    • Bible, Eph. iv. 30
      Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God.
    • Cowper
      The maidens grieved themselves at my concern.
  2. (transitive) To feel very sad about; to mourn; to sorrow for.
    to grieve one's fate
  3. (intransitive) To experience grief.
  4. (transitive, archaic) To harm.
  5. (transitive) To submit or file a grievance (about).
    • 2009 D'Amico, Rob, Editor, Texas Teacher, published by Texas AFT (affiliate of American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO); "Austin classified employees gain due process rights", April 2009, p14:
      Even if the executive director rules against the employee on appeal, the employee can still grieve the termination to the superintendent followed by an appeal to the [...] Board of Trustees.
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Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English grœfa.


grieve (plural grieves)

  1. (obsolete) A governor of a town or province.
  2. (chiefly Scotland) A manager or steward, e.g. of a farm.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      Their children were horsewhipped by the grieve.
Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]



  1. third-person singular present indicative of grever