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See also: Grieve and griève



Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English greven, from Old French grever (to burden), from Latin gravō, gravāre, from adjective gravis (grave).


grieve (third-person singular simple present grieves, present participle grieving, simple past and past participle grieved)

  1. (transitive) To cause sorrow or distress to.
  2. (transitive) To feel very sad about; to mourn; to sorrow for.
    to grieve one's fate
  3. (intransitive) To experience grief.
  4. (transitive, archaic) To harm.
  5. (transitive) To submit or file a grievance (about).
    • 2009 D'Amico, Rob, Editor, Texas Teacher, published by Texas AFT (affiliate of American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO); "Austin classified employees gain due process rights", April 2009, p14:
      Even if the executive director rules against the employee on appeal, the employee can still grieve the termination to the superintendent followed by an appeal to the [...] Board of Trustees.
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English greve, greyve, grave, grafe, from Old Norse greifi, from Middle Low German grēve, grâve, related to Old English grœfa, groefa, variants of Old English ġerēfa (steward, reeve). More at reeve.


grieve (plural grieves)

  1. (obsolete) A governor of a town or province.
  2. (chiefly Scotland) A manager or steward, e.g. of a farm.
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Old French[edit]



  1. third-person singular present indicative of grever