surra

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From a Marathi word, imitative of heavy breathing through the nostrils.

Noun[edit]

surra ‎(uncountable)

  1. A disease of vertebrate animals caused by protozoan trypanosomes, involving fever, weakness, and lethargy.

Estonian[edit]

Verb[edit]

surra

  1. Da-infinitive of surema.

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *surdak, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *śure- ‎(to die), which is from Proto-Uralic *śure. It is a cognate with eg. Estonian surema ‎(to die). Compare also surma. The modern meaning is by contamination from surkea.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

surra

  1. (intransitive) To mourn, grieve (very often because of someone's death).
  2. (transitive) To mourn, grieve (over someone = partitive; over a dead person).

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of surra (Kotus type 67/tulla, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. suren en sureˣ 1st sing. olen surrut en oleˣ surrut
2nd sing. suret et sureˣ 2nd sing. olet surrut et oleˣ surrut
3rd sing. suree ei sureˣ 3rd sing. on surrut ei oleˣ surrut
1st plur. suremme emme sureˣ 1st plur. olemme surreet emme oleˣ surreet
2nd plur. surette ette sureˣ 2nd plur. olette surreet ette oleˣ surreet
3rd plur. surevat eivät sureˣ 3rd plur. ovat surreet eivät oleˣ surreet
passive surraan ei surraˣ passive on surtu ei oleˣ surtu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. surin en surrut 1st sing. olin surrut en ollut surrut
2nd sing. surit et surrut 2nd sing. olit surrut et ollut surrut
3rd sing. suri ei surrut 3rd sing. oli surrut ei ollut surrut
1st plur. surimme emme surreet 1st plur. olimme surreet emme olleet surreet
2nd plur. suritte ette surreet 2nd plur. olitte surreet ette olleet surreet
3rd plur. surivat eivät surreet 3rd plur. olivat surreet eivät olleet surreet
passive surtiin ei surtu passive oli surtu ei ollut surtu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. surisin en surisi 1st sing. olisin surrut en olisi surrut
2nd sing. surisit et surisi 2nd sing. olisit surrut et olisi surrut
3rd sing. surisi ei surisi 3rd sing. olisi surrut ei olisi surrut
1st plur. surisimme emme surisi 1st plur. olisimme surreet emme olisi surreet
2nd plur. surisitte ette surisi 2nd plur. olisitte surreet ette olisi surreet
3rd plur. surisivat eivät surisi 3rd plur. olisivat surreet eivät olisi surreet
passive surtaisiin ei surtaisi passive olisi surtu ei olisi surtu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. sureˣ älä sureˣ 2nd sing. oleˣ surrut älä oleˣ surrut
3rd sing. surkoon älköön surkoˣ 3rd sing. olkoon surrut älköön olkoˣ surrut
1st plur. surkaamme älkäämme surkoˣ 1st plur. olkaamme surreet älkäämme olkoˣ surreet
2nd plur. surkaa älkää surkoˣ 2nd plur. olkaa surreet älkää olkoˣ surreet
3rd plur. surkoot älkööt surkoˣ 3rd plur. olkoot surreet älkööt olkoˣ surreet
passive surtakoon älköön surtakoˣ passive olkoon surtu älköön olkoˣ surtu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. surren en surreˣ 1st sing. lienen surrut en lieneˣ surrut
2nd sing. surret et surreˣ 2nd sing. lienet surrut et lieneˣ surrut
3rd sing. surree ei surreˣ 3rd sing. lienee surrut ei lieneˣ surrut
1st plur. surremme emme surreˣ 1st plur. lienemme surreet emme lieneˣ surreet
2nd plur. surrette ette surreˣ 2nd plur. lienette surreet ette lieneˣ surreet
3rd plur. surrevat eivät surreˣ 3rd plur. lienevät surreet eivät lieneˣ surreet
passive surtaneen ei surtaneˣ passive lienee surtu ei lieneˣ surtu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st surraˣ present sureva surtava
long 1st2 surrakseen past surrut surtu
2nd inessive1 surressa surtaessa agent1, 3 surema
instructive surren negative surematon
3rd inessive suremassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative suremasta
illative suremaan
adessive suremalla
abessive surematta
instructive sureman surtaman
4th nominative sureminen
partitive suremista
5th2 suremaisillaan

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

surra

  1. third-person singular present indicative of surrar
  2. second-person singular imperative of surrar

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

surra

  1. buzz; to make a buzzing sound as of bees, or of a murmur
  2. to speak quietly or secretly but constantly about something
  3. to secure or fasten something, such as cargo, better
    Surra lasten, en storm är på väg
    Secure the cargo, a storm is coming

Conjugation[edit]