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From Middle English sure, sur, from Middle French sur, from Old French seür, from Latin sēcūrus (“secure”, literally “carefree”), from sē- (“apart”) + cūra (“care”) (compare Old English orsorg (“carefree”), from or- (“without”) + sorg (“care”)). See cure. Displaced native Middle English wis, iwis (“certain, sure”) (from Old English ġewis, ġewiss (“certain, sure”)), Middle English siker (“sure, secure”) (from Old English sicor (“secure, sure”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ʃɔː/, /ʃʊə/
- Rhymes: -ʊə(r), -ɔː(r)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ʃʊɹ/, /ʃɔɹ/, /ʃɝ/
- (Australia, New Zealand) IPA(key): /ʃoː/
- (Canada) IPA(key): /ʃ(ə)ɹ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophones: shaw, Shaw (in some non-rhotic dialects); shore (in some dialects)
- Physically secure and certain, non-failing, reliable.
This investment is a sure thing. The bailiff had a sure grip on the prisoner's arm.
- Certain in one's knowledge or belief.
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
- The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on an afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
He was sure she was lying. I am sure of my eventual death. John was acting sure of himself but in truth had doubts.
- Certain to act or be a specified way.
Be sure to lock the door when you leave.
- (obsolete) Free from danger; safe; secure.
- Fear not; the forest is not three leagues off; / If we recover that we are sure enough.
- (obsolete) Betrothed; engaged to marry.
- Sir T. More
- The king was sure to Dame Elizabeth Lucy, and her husband before God.
- I presume […] that you had been sure as fast as faith could bind you, man and wife.
- Sir T. More
- (secure and steadfast): certain, failsafe, reliable
- (steadfast in one's knowledge or belief): certain, positive, wis
- (modal adverb) Without doubt, certainly.
- Sure he's coming! Why wouldn't he?
- "Did you kill that bear yourself? ―"I sure did!"
- Often proscribed in favor of surely. May be informal.
- Yes. (Expresses noncommittal agreement or consent.)
"Do you want me to put this in the garage?" "Sure, go ahead."
- Yes; of course.
"Could you tell me where the washrooms are?" "Sure, they're in the corner over there."
- 1996, T.F. Hoad, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Etymology, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0192830988
- definite and plural of
- Indicative present connegative form of surra.
- Second-person singular imperative present form of surra.
- Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of surra.
From Germanic, related to sūr (“sour”).
- feminine singular genitive form of
- feminine singular dative form of
- feminine plural nominative form of
- feminine plural accusative form of
- neuter plural nominative form of
- neuter plural accusative form of
- feminine plural genitive form of
- feminine plural dative form of
- neuter plural genitive form of
- neuter plural dative form of
- absolute definite natural masculine form of sur.