sura

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See also: Sura, súra, šura, şura, and -sura

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Noun[edit]

sura (plural suras or suwar)

  1. Any of the 114 chapters of the Qur'an.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sura f (plural sures)

  1. (Islam) sura

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Noun[edit]

sura c (singular definite suraen, plural indefinite suraer)

  1. (Islam) sura

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an).

Noun[edit]

sūr̃ā̀ f (plural surori)

  1. (Islam) sura

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic صُورَة (ṣūra).

Noun[edit]

sūr̃ā̀ f (plural surori)

  1. image, picture, form, appearance

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sūra.

Noun[edit]

sura f (plural sure)

  1. (anatomy) calf

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Noun[edit]

sura f (plural sure)

  1. (Islam) sura

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to sū̆rus (branch, stake) or from a Proto-Indo-European root common to Ancient Greek ὥρα (hṓra, part of a sacrificial victim)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sūra f (genitive sūrae); first declension

  1. calf (of the leg)

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sūra sūrae
genitive sūrae sūrārum
dative sūrae sūrīs
accusative sūram sūrās
ablative sūrā sūrīs
vocative sūra sūrae

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1954), “sura”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 2, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 634

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صُورَة (ṣūra)

Noun[edit]

sura f (plural sur)

  1. picture
  2. photograph
  3. image

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sura f

  1. (Islam) sura

Declension[edit]


Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Armenian սուր (sur, sword).

Noun[edit]

sura

  1. sword

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “սուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Noun[edit]

sura (n class, plural sura)

  1. chapter
  2. sura (chapter of the Qur'an)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derivation of adjective sur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sura

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of sur.

Verb[edit]

sura (present surar, preterite surade, supine surat, imperative sura)

  1. to sulk
    • 1920, August Strindberg, Efterslåtter
      Vad går du här ensam omkring och surar för? frågade honom en gammal apa, som satt för sig själv och knäckte nötter.
      "Why are you here alone sulking? he was asked by an old monkey, sitting by himself cracking nuts.
      "Most likely he was sulking because she had told him to be ashamed of himself."
    • 2000, Roger Borgelid, Svenska Dagbladet - Människan bakom miljonleendet
      Det var inte länge sedan [han] framstod som en arrogant diva med taskigt humör, en dålig förlorare som surade över en missad tiometersputt,...
      "It was not long ago that he was seen as an arrogant diva with a bad temper, a poor loser who would sulk if he missed a ten-meterputt, ..."
Conjugation[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Past participle is basically non-existent on semantic/pragmatic reasons.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Same as English sura above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sura c

  1. sura, chapter of Qur'an
    • 2004, Göteborgsposten - Nu skall den ene vara den andres fiende
      Koranens 21:a sura berättar att Abraham irriterades över sin pappas och dennes underlydandes avgudadyrkan:...
      "The 21st sura of the Qur'an relates that Abraham was irritated by the idolatry of his daddy and his employees:...
Declension[edit]
Declension of sura 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sura suran suror surorna
Genitive suras surans surors surornas

Uzbek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Noun[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic сура
Roman sura
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

sura (plural suralar)

  1. (Islam) sura

Declension[edit]