سورة

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See also: سورهand شوره

Arabic[edit]

سُورَة
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 سورة‎ on Arabic Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Ordered at the root س و ر(s-w-r). Not clear from which word borrowed, it might be from Classical Syriac ܫܘܪܐ(divider), compare سُور(sūr, wall) from the same word, or from Classical Syriac ܣܽܘܪܓܳܕܳܐ(sūrgāḏā, line; writing), or from Hebrew סִדְרָה(siḏrā, technical term for the section marks in the Hebrew scriptures) or from Hebrew שִׁיר(šîr, to sing; lyric song; poem).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُورَة (sūraf (plural سُوَر(suwar))

  1. (Islam) sura, surah
    Meronym: آيَة(ʾāya)
    Holonym: اَلْقُرْآن(al-qurʾān)
    Hyponyms: سُورَة مَدَنِيَّة(sūra(t) madaniyya), سُورَة مَكِّيَّة(sūra(t) makkiyya)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 2:23:
      وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ فِي رَيْبٍ مِمَّا نَزَّلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا فَأْتُوا بِسُورَةٍ مِنْ مِثْلِهِ وَٱدْعُوا شُهَدَاءَكُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
      wa-ʾin kuntum fī raybin mimmā nazzalnā ʿalā ʿabdinā fa-ʾtū bi-sūratin min miṯlihi wa-dʿū šuhadāʾakum min dūni llāhi ʾin kuntum ṣādiqīna
      And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant [Muhammad], then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: surə
  • German: Sure
  • Persian: سوره(sure)
  • Russian: су́ра (súra)
  • Turkish: sure

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root س و ر(s-w-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَوْرَة (sawraf

  1. severity, vehemence, sharpness
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ahrens, Karl (1930) , “Christliches im Qoran. Eine Nachlese”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 84, page 19
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 238
  • Freytag, Georg (1833) , “سورة”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 374
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 180–182
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “سورة”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1465
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[2] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 26
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “سورة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 514