sur

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural surs)

  1. south

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verbal noun to surre (to whirr).

Noun[edit]

sur n (singular definite surret, plural indefinite sur)

  1. whirr (a sibilant buzz or vibration from insect wings)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse súrr (sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-.

Adjective[edit]

sur

  1. sour (having an acid, sharp or tangy taste)
  2. (chemistry) acidic
  3. (of dairy products) spoiled
  4. (of a person or communication) surly, cross, annoyed, sulky, sore
  5. (of work or situation) unpleasant

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of sur
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular sur surere surest2
Neuter singular surt surere surest2
Plural sure surere surest2
Definite attributive1 sure surere sureste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sur.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. on, upon

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French sur, from Old French sur, seur, sor, soure, souvre, sovre (on, upon, over), from Latin super (over, on, above), from *eks-uper, from *h₁eǵʰs (out of) (Latin ex) and *uperi (above), from *upo. Doublet of super, a borrowing. Cognate with Old English ofer (over, above). More at over.

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. on, upon
  2. on top of
  3. from on top of
  4. above
  5. out of
    sept sur dixseven out of ten
  6. in the case of
  7. about, concerning
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French sur, from Old French sur (sour, bitter), from Frankish *sūr (acidic, sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (sour). More at English sour.

Adjective[edit]

sur (feminine singular sure, masculine plural surs, feminine plural sures)

  1. sour

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French sud, from Old English suþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural sures)

  1. (uncountable) south (cardinal direction)
  2. (uncountable) the southern portion of a territory or region
  3. (countable) a southern; a wind blowing from the south

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French surItalian su.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. on

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin super (above).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of su used before words beginning with u (especially indefinite articles)
    sur un tavoloon a table

References[edit]

  • sur in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic سُور(sūr).

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural swar)

  1. wall, rampart
  2. bastion
  3. rock

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of sinjur, from Sicilian signuri.

Noun[edit]

sur m (usually uncountable)

  1. mister, sir
    is-Sur ButtiġieġMr Buttigieg

Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur

  1. Alternative form of sure

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

Adjective[edit]

sur (neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surere, indefinite superlative surest, definite superlative sureste)

  1. sour (e.g. the characteristic taste of a lemon)
  2. In a bad temper, sulky
  3. acidic
  4. cold, unpleasant (often about weather)
    Det er surt ute.
    The weather is unpleasant outside
    Han prøver å gjøre livet surt for meg.
    He's trying to make life difficult for me.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

Adjective[edit]

sur (neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surare, indefinite superlative surast, definite superlative suraste)

  1. sour
  2. acidic
  3. bad-tempered, annoyed, in a foul mood

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sūraz. Cognate with Old Saxon sūr, Old High German sūr, Old Norse súrr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: sur, sour

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Frankish *sūr (acidic, sour). [1160 CE]

Adjective[edit]

sur m (oblique and nominative feminine singular sure)

  1. sour, biter

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sūraz, whence also Old Saxon sūr Old English sūr, Old Norse súrr.

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Descendants[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz.

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चोर (cora).

Noun[edit]

sur

  1. thief

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely from a Slavic language. Compare Bulgarian сур (sur), Serbo-Croatian sur. A less likely etymology connects it to Latin syrus, or links it with Italian soro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur m or n (feminine singular sură, masculine plural suri, feminine and neuter plural sure)

  1. grey

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare surov.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sȗr (definite sȗrī, Cyrillic spelling су̑р)

  1. (expressive, literary) ash-gray
  2. (expressive, literary, figuratively) gray, gloomy (of weather)
  3. (expressive, literary, figuratively) glum, stern, scowling, sullen (of person's face or mood)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sur” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French sud, from Old English suþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural sures)

  1. south
    Antonym: norte

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish sūr, from Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur

  1. sour; the characteristic taste of a lemon
  2. acetous; having a sour taste
  3. acidic
  4. in a bad temper; look sour
  5. wet; damp

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sur
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular sur surare surast
Neuter singular surt surare surast
Plural sura surare surast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 sure surare suraste
All sura surare suraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur (definite accusative {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. city wall