sur

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Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur m (uncountable)

  1. south

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur inan

  1. (Biscayan) Alternative form of sudur

Further reading[edit]

  • "sudur" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • sur” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sûr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (RMC) IPA(key): /ˈsyːr/
  • (RLC) IPA(key): /ˈsiːr/, /ˈziːr/

Adjective[edit]

sur

  1. certain, sure

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verbal noun to surre (to whirr) (imitative).

Noun[edit]

sur n (singular definite surret, plural indefinite sur)

  1. whirr (a sibilant buzz or vibration from insect wings)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse súrr (sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros.

Adjective[edit]

sur

  1. sour (having an acid, sharp or tangy taste)
  2. (chemistry) acidic
  3. (of dairy products) spoiled
  4. (of a person or communication) surly, cross, annoyed, sulky, sore
  5. (of work or situation) unpleasant
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of sur
Positive Comparative Superlative
Indefinte common singular sur surere surest2
Indefinite neuter singular surt surere surest2
Plural sure surere surest2
Definite attributive1 sure surere sureste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sur.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sur/
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. on, upon

Derived terms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Middle French sur, from Old French sur, seur, sor, soure, souvre, sovre (on, upon, over), from Latin super (over, on, above), from *eks-uper, from *h₁eǵʰs (out of) (Latin ex) and *upér (above), from *upo. Doublet of super, a borrowing. Cognate with Old English ofer (over, above). More at over.

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. on, upon
  2. on top of
  3. from on top of
  4. above
  5. out of
    sept sur dixseven out of ten
  6. in the case of
  7. about, concerning
  8. (informal, France) in (a place)
    Synonyms: à, en, dans
    sur Parisin Paris
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Middle French sur, from Old French sur (sour, bitter), from Frankish *sūr (acidic, sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (sour). More at English sour.

Adjective[edit]

sur (feminine sure, masculine plural surs, feminine plural sures)

  1. sour

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French sud, from Old English suþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural sures)

  1. (uncountable) south (cardinal direction)
  2. (uncountable) the southern portion of a territory or region
  3. (countable) a southern; a wind blowing from the south

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French surItalian su.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. on

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin super (above).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsur/
  • Rhymes: -ur
  • Hyphenation: sùr

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of su used before words beginning with u (especially indefinite articles)
    sur un tavoloon a table

Further reading[edit]

  • sur in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic سُور (sūr).

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural swar)

  1. wall, rampart
  2. bastion
  3. rock

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of sinjur, from Sicilian signuri.

Noun[edit]

sur m (usually uncountable)

  1. mister, sir
    is-Sur ButtiġieġMr Buttigieg

Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur

  1. Alternative form of sure

Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German sūr, from Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHrós.

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Central Franconian: suur, souer
  • German: sauer
  • Luxembourgish: sauer
  • Vilamovian: zaojwer
  • Yiddish: זויער (zoyer)
  • Polish: żur

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

Adjective[edit]

sur (neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surere, indefinite superlative surest, definite superlative sureste)

  1. sour (e.g. the characteristic taste of a lemon)
  2. In a bad temper, sulky
  3. acidic
    sur nedbøracid rain
  4. cold, unpleasant (often about weather)
    Det er surt ute.
    The weather is unpleasant outside
    Han prøver å gjøre livet surt for meg.
    He's trying to make life difficult for me.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

Adjective[edit]

sur (neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surare, indefinite superlative surast, definite superlative suraste)

  1. sour
  2. acidic
    sur nedbøracid rain
  3. bad-tempered, annoyed, in a foul mood
  4. used about old socks which are smelling bad

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *sūr. Cognate with Old Saxon sūr, Old High German sūr, Old Norse súrr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Frankish *sūr (acidic, sour). 1160 CE.

Adjective[edit]

sur m (oblique and nominative feminine singular sure)

  1. sour, bitter
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sur

  1. Alternative form of seur

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHrós.

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Descendants[edit]

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz.

Adjective[edit]

sūr

  1. sour

Declension[edit]

The template Template:gmq-osw-decl-adj-strong does not use the parameter(s):
head=sūr
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Descendants[edit]

Rohingya[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चोर (cora).

Noun[edit]

sur (Hanifi spelling 𐴏𐴟𐴌)

  1. thief

Related terms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely from a Slavic language. Compare Bulgarian сур (sur), Serbo-Croatian sur. A less likely etymology connects it to Latin syrus, or links it with Italian soro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur m or n (feminine singular sură, masculine plural suri, feminine and neuter plural sure)

  1. grey
    Synonyms: gri, brumăriu

Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare surov.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sȗr (definite sȗrī, Cyrillic spelling су̑р)

  1. (expressive, literary) ash-gray
  2. (expressive, literary, figurative) gray, gloomy (of weather)
  3. (expressive, literary, figurative) glum, stern, scowling, sullen (of person's face or mood)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sur” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French sud, from Old English suþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsuɾ/ [ˈsuɾ]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -uɾ
  • Syllabification: sur

Noun[edit]

sur m (plural sures)

  1. south
    Antonym: norte

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sur

  1. Romanization of 𒋩 (sur)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish sūr, from Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur (comparative surare, superlative surast)

  1. sour (having the characteristic taste of for example a lemon or vinegar)
  2. sour (rancid)
    sur mjölk
    sour milk
  3. acidic
    sur jord
    acidic soil
  4. angry, annoyed
    Jag blir så jäkla sur när han gör så där
    I get so damn angry when he does that
  5. bad, sour (of a feeling or the like)
    Det känns surt att vi förlorade
    It feels bad that we lost
  6. wet, damp (of something that should be dry)
    sura strumpor
    wet socks

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sur
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular sur surare surast
Neuter singular surt surare surast
Plural sura surare surast
Masculine plural3 sure surare surast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 sure surare suraste
All sura surare suraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish sur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜓᜇ᜔)

  1. (uncommon) south (compass point)
    Synonym: timog
    • 1985, Francisco Soc Rodrigo, Mga tula at tilamsik ng diwa:
      At, sa angkan naman ng ating First Lady, si Kokoy, na siyang governor ng Leyte, Ay embahador pa sa lahat ng parte - Sa este't oeste, sa sur at sa norte!
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Coordinate terms[edit]

hilagang kanluran
norweste
hilaga
norte
hilagang silangan
nordeste
oksidente
kanluran
oeste
oryente
silangan
este
salatan
timog-kanluran
sur
timog
timog-silangan

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sur”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sur (definite accusative suru, plural surlar)

  1. city wall

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sūr (sour).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sur (feminine singular sur, plural surion, equative sured, comparative surach, superlative suraf, not mutable)

  1. sour, acidic
    Synonyms: egr, chwibl, asidaidd, asidig

Noun[edit]

sur m (uncountable, not mutable)

  1. (obsolete) acid
    Synonym: asid

See also[edit]

Basic tastes in Welsh (layout · text)
melys sur / egr hallt chwerw sbeislyd sawrus

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
sur unchanged unchanged unchanged

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “sur”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies