- 1 English
- 2 French
- 3 Romansch
- (obsolete) sowr
From Middle English sour, from Old English sūr (“sour”), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (“sour”), from Proto-Indo-European *sūr- (“sour (milk)”). Cognate with West Frisian soer, Dutch zuur (“sour”), Low German suur, German sauer (“sour”), Danish and Swedish sur (“sour”), French sur (“sour”), Faroese súrur (“sour”), Icelandic súr (“sour, bitter”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsaʊ(ə)ɹ/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsaʊə/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -aʊə(ɹ)
- Having an acidic, sharp or tangy taste.
- Lemons have a sour taste.
- Francis Bacon
- All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite.
- Made rancid by fermentation, etc.
- sour milk
- Tasting or smelling rancid.
- Peevish or bad-tempered.
- He gave me a sour look.
- He was a scholar […] / Lofty and sour to them that loved him not, / But to those men that sought him sweet as summer.
- (of soil) Excessively acidic and thus infertile.
- sour land
- a sour marsh
- (of petroleum) Containing excess sulfur.
- Unfortunate or unfavorable.
- sour adversity
2011 October 1, Phil Dawkes, “Sunderland 2 - 2 West Brom”, BBC Sport:
- The result may not quite give the Wearsiders a sweet ending to what has been a sour week, following allegations of sexual assault and drug possession against defender Titus Bramble, but it does at least demonstrate that their spirit remains strong in the face of adversity.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- The sensation of a sour taste.
- A drink made with whiskey, lemon or lime juice and sugar.
- (by extension) Any cocktail containing lemon or lime juice.
- A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
- (transitive) To make sour.
- Too much lemon juice will sour the recipe.
- (intransitive) To become sour.
- Jonathan Swift
- So the sun's heat, with different powers, / Ripens the grape, the liquor sours.
- Jonathan Swift
- (transitive) To make disenchanted.
- To sour your happiness I must report, / The queen is dead.
- (intransitive) To become disenchanted.
- We broke up after our relationship soured.
- (transitive) To make (soil) cold and unproductive.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
- To macerate (lime) and render it fit for plaster or mortar.
- (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sora
sour f (plural sours)