acerbo

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Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin acerbus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

acerbo m ‎(feminine singular acerba, masculine plural acerbi, feminine plural acerbe)

  1. unripe, premature
  2. acerbic, sour, bitter, harsh, crude
  3. hard, severe

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From acerbus ‎(harsh, bitter), from ācer ‎(bitter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

acerbō ‎(present infinitive acerbāre, perfect active acerbāvī, supine acerbātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I make harsh or bitter, embitter.
  2. (transitive) I augment or aggravate something disagreeable, make worse, exacerbate.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of acerbo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present acerbō acerbās acerbat acerbāmus acerbātis acerbant
imperfect acerbābam acerbābās acerbābat acerbābāmus acerbābātis acerbābant
future acerbābō acerbābis acerbābit acerbābimus acerbābitis acerbābunt
perfect acerbāvī acerbāvistī acerbāvit acerbāvimus acerbāvistis acerbāvērunt, acerbāvēre
pluperfect acerbāveram acerbāverās acerbāverat acerbāverāmus acerbāverātis acerbāverant
future perfect acerbāverō acerbāveris acerbāverit acerbāverimus acerbāveritis acerbāverint
passive present acerbor acerbāris, acerbāre acerbātur acerbāmur acerbāminī acerbantur
imperfect acerbābar acerbābāris, acerbābāre acerbābātur acerbābāmur acerbābāminī acerbābantur
future acerbābor acerbāberis, acerbābere acerbābitur acerbābimur acerbābiminī acerbābuntur
perfect acerbātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect acerbātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect acerbātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present acerbem acerbēs acerbet acerbēmus acerbētis acerbent
imperfect acerbārem acerbārēs acerbāret acerbārēmus acerbārētis acerbārent
perfect acerbāverim acerbāverīs acerbāverit acerbāverīmus acerbāverītis acerbāverint
pluperfect acerbāvissem acerbāvissēs acerbāvisset acerbāvissēmus acerbāvissētis acerbāvissent
passive present acerber acerbēris, acerbēre acerbētur acerbēmur acerbēminī acerbentur
imperfect acerbārer acerbārēris, acerbārēre acerbārētur acerbārēmur acerbārēminī acerbārentur
perfect acerbātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect acerbātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present acerbā acerbāte
future acerbātō acerbātō acerbātōte acerbantō
passive present acerbāre acerbāminī
future acerbātor acerbātor acerbantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives acerbāre acerbāvisse acerbātūrus esse acerbārī acerbātus esse acerbātum īrī
participles acerbāns acerbātūrus acerbātus acerbandus

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • acerbo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin acerbus.

Adjective[edit]

acerbo m ‎(feminine singular acerba, masculine plural acerbos, feminine plural acerbas, comparable)

  1. acerb (bitter to the taste)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin acerbus.

Adjective[edit]

acerbo m ‎(feminine singular acerba, masculine plural acerbos, feminine plural acerbas)

  1. acerb (bitter to the taste)
  2. acerbic (sour or bitter)
  3. biting, scathing, acerbic