esse

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See also: Esse, êsse, essē, ésse, -esse, -êsse, and èsse

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin esse.

Noun[edit]

esse (plural esses)

  1. Essence, essential nature.
    • 1788, Emanuel Swedenborg, The Wisdom of Angels Concerning Divine Love and Divine Wisdom, London: [] W. Chalklen, page 136:
      Hence it is that the Univerſe, which was created from his Eſſe, and which regarded as to Uſes is his Image, obtained theſe three in all and ſingular the Things appertaining to it.
    • 1801, Emanuel Swedenborg, Arcana Cœlestia: or, Heavenly Mysteries Contained in the Sacred Scriptures, or Word of the Lord, Manifested and Laid Open, volume X, London: [] J. Hodson, page 482:
      [] that is his proprium, since the esse of the life of man is his will;
    • 1824–68, A[braham] J[ones] Le Cras, The Theological Contrast: or, Error Exposed, and Truth Elucidated, Being an Investigation into All the Systems of Religion, Now Propagated in the Whole World, London: [] Thomas Goyder, pages 95–97:
      In like manner Christians treading closely on the heels of Jews, notwithstanding all the divine miracles, which accompanied their first establishment, iu[sic] order to call them from the Deistical worship of a supreme esse, extended through all space, and to fix them in the exclusive acknowledgement of the one God in a divine human form, are equally guilty of idolatry, in worshipping Gods or persons, that have no real existence.
    • 1961, Gerard Smith; Lottie H. Kendzierski, Philosophy of Being, The Macmillan Company, page 339:
      Essence is a being by an esse which the essence is. Substance is a being by an esse which the substance is. Ens is a being by an esse which the ens is.
    • 2015, Christopher Hughes, Aquinas on Being, Goodness, and God, Routledge, page 62:
      Agreed, if there are as many esses in an individual as there are forms in that individual, then a plurality of substantial forms in an individual implies a plurality of substantial esses in that individual, just as a plurality of accidental forms in an individual implies a plurality of accidental esses in that individual.

References[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse

  1. plural of es

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse f (plural esses)

  1. (Valencia) Alternative form of essa

Further reading[edit]


Corsican[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin esse, from Proto-Italic *ezom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognates include Italian essere and French être.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.sɛ/
  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Verb[edit]

esse (Cismontane)

  1. (copulative) to be
  2. (intransitive) to be (to exist)
  3. (intransitive) to be (to occupy a place)
  4. (auxiliary, + past participle) Forms the passive voice; to be
  5. (auxiliary, + past participle) Forms the perfect aspect of some verbs; to have

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gallurese: esse, essi

References[edit]

  • esse, essa” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.

Further reading[edit]


Gallurese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Corsican esse, from Latin esse, present infinitive of sum (I am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. (auxiliary) to be

Conjugation[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. inflection of essen:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive

Hunsrik[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ëse (Wiesemann spelling system)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat
    Ich esse keen Fleisch.
    I don't eat meat.
    Heit esse-mer Fisch.
    Today we eat fish.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From estää (to prevent) +‎ -e. Akin to Finnish este.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse

  1. obstacle

Declension[edit]

Declension of esse (type 6/lähe, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative esse esteet
genitive esteen estein
partitive essettä esteitä
illative esteesse esteisse
inessive estees esteis
elative esteest esteist
allative esteelle esteille
adessive esteel esteil
ablative esteelt esteilt
translative esteeks esteiks
essive esteennä, esteen esteinnä, estein
exessive1) esteent esteint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 36

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin es (the name of the letter S).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse f or m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.; ess
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipsae, from ipse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.se/
  • Rhymes: -esse
  • Hyphenation: és‧se

Pronoun[edit]

esse f pl

  1. plural of essa; they, them (female)
    Synonym: loro

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Form of the verb sum ([I] am; [I] exist); from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. present infinitive of sum

Noun[edit]

esse m (indeclinable)

  1. (Medieval Latin) state, condition

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēsse

  1. present active infinitive of edō

References[edit]

  • esse”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • esse in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dialectal form of essere, from Latin esse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be (dialectal)

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

esse

  1. third-person singular feminine of as

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German essen, Dutch eten, English eat, Swedish äta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat

Conjugation[edit]


Piedmontese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

infinitive esse
present gerundive essend
past participle stàit
Present indicative Past indicative Future indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive Present Conditional
First-person singular i son i j'era i sarai i sia i fussa i sarìa
Second-person singular it ses it j'ere it saras it sie it fusse it sarìe
Third-person singular a l'é a l'era a sarà a sia a fussa a sarìa
First-person plural i soma i j'ero i saroma i sio i fusso i sarìo
Second-person plural i seve i j'ere i sareve i sie i fusse i sarìe
Third-person plural a son a j'ero i saran a sio a fusso a sarìo

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese esse, from Latin ipse (himself).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: es‧se
  • (file)

Determiner[edit]

esse (feminine essa, masculine plural esses, feminine plural essas)

  1. that (near you)
    Esse chapéu está limpo?
    Is that hat clean?
  2. (Brazil) this (near me)
    Esse livro é muito bom.
    This book is very good.

Pronoun[edit]

esse (feminine essa, masculine plural esses, feminine plural essas, neuter isso) (definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. that, that one (near you)
  2. that (that one); this (this one) (indicates something already mentioned or understood from context)
    Esse é o segredo para vencer.
    This is the secret to winning.
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:esse.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali,
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.
  2. something shaped like the letter S
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:esse.


Tatar[edit]

Adjective[edit]

esse

  1. hot

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estre, from Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]