esse

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See also: Esse, êsse, essē, -esse, and -êsse

Corsican[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *essere, from Latin esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. To be.

Conjugation[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S/s.

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. inflection of essen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. first-person and third-person singular present subjunctive

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish este.

Noun[edit]

esse

  1. obstacle

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin es (the name of the letter S).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛs.se/, [ˈɛs̪ːe]
  • Rhymes: -ɛsse
  • (file)
  • Stress: èsse
  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Noun[edit]

esse f, m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S/s.; ess
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipsae, from ipse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.se/, [ˈes̪ːe]
  • Rhymes: -esse
  • Stress: ésse
  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Pronoun[edit]

esse f

  1. plural of essa; they, them (female)
Related terms[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Form of the verb sum ([I] am; [I] exist); from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. present infinitive of sum

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēsse

  1. present active infinitive of edō

References[edit]

  • esse in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “esse”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *essere, from Latin esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

esse

  1. third-person singular feminine of as

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German essen, Dutch eten, English eat, Swedish äta.

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat

Conjugation[edit]



Piedmontese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *essere, from Latin esse, present active infinitive of sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

infinitive esse
present gerundive essend
past participle stàit
Present indicative Past indicative Future indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive Present Conditional
First-person singular i son i j'era i sarai i sia i fussa i sarìa
Second-person singular it ses it j'ere it saras it sie it fusse it sarìe
Third-person singular a l'é a l'era a sarà a sia a fussa a sarìa
First-person plural i soma i j'ero i saroma i sio i fusso i sarìo
Second-person plural i seve i j'ere i sareve i sie i fusse i sarìe
Third-person plural a son a j'ero i saran a sio a fusso a sarìo

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese esse, from Latin ipse (himself).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

esse m (feminine essa, plural esses, feminine plural essas)

  1. that (near you)
    Esse chapéu está limpo?
    Is that hat clean?
  2. that; this (indicates something already mentioned or understood from context)
    Esse é o segredo para vencer.
    This is the secret to winning.
  3. (Brazil) this (near me)
    Esse livro é muito bom.
    This book is very good.
Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:esse.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali,
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S/s.
  2. something shaped like the letter S
Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:esse.