esse

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Esse, êsse, essē, ésse, -esse, -êsse, and èsse

Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse

  1. plural of es

Corsican[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin esse, from Proto-Italic *ezom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognates include Italian essere and French être.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈesːe/
  • Hyphenation: es‧se

Verb[edit]

esse (Cismontane)

  1. (copulative) to be
  2. (intransitive) to be (to exist)
  3. (intransitive) to be (to occupy a place)
  4. (auxiliary, + past participle) Forms the passive voice; to be
  5. (auxiliary, + past participle) Forms the perfect aspect of some verbs; to have

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gallurese: esse, essi

References[edit]

  • esse, essa” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.

Further reading[edit]


Gallurese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Corsican esse, from Latin esse, present infinitive of sum (I am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. (auxiliary) to be

Conjugation[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. inflection of essen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive

Hunsrik[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ëse (Wiesemann spelling system)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat
    Ich esse keen Fleisch.
    I don't eat meat.
    Heit esse-mer Fisch.
    Today we eat fish.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From essyttää (to hold back) +‎ -e. Akin to Finnish este.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse (genitive estiin, partitive essetä)

  1. obstacle

Declension[edit]

Inflection of esse
singular plural
nominative esse estiit
genitive estiin estiilöin
partitive essetä estiilöjä
illative estiisse estiilöihe
inessive estiiz estiilöiz
elative estiist estiilöist
allative estiille estiilöille
adessive estiil estiilöil
ablative estiilt estiilöilt
translative estiiks estiilöiks
essive estiin estiilöin

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 36
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[1], page 97

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin es (the name of the letter S).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse f or m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.; ess
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipsae, from ipse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.se/
  • Rhymes: -esse
  • Hyphenation: és‧se

Pronoun[edit]

esse f pl

  1. plural of essa; they, them (female)
    Synonym: loro

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Form of the verb sum ([I] am; [I] exist); from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. present infinitive of sum

Noun[edit]

esse m (indeclinable)

  1. (Medieval Latin) state, condition

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēsse

  1. present active infinitive of edō

References[edit]

  • esse in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • esse in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dialectal form of essere, from Latin esse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be (dialectal)

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

esse

  1. third-person singular feminine of as

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German essen, Dutch eten, English eat, Swedish äta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat

Conjugation[edit]


Piedmontese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

infinitive esse
present gerundive essend
past participle stàit
Present indicative Past indicative Future indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive Present Conditional
First-person singular i son i j'era i sarai i sia i fussa i sarìa
Second-person singular it ses it j'ere it saras it sie it fusse it sarìe
Third-person singular a l'é a l'era a sarà a sia a fussa a sarìa
First-person plural i soma i j'ero i saroma i sio i fusso i sarìo
Second-person plural i seve i j'ere i sareve i sie i fusse i sarìe
Third-person plural a son a j'ero i saran a sio a fusso a sarìo

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese esse, from Latin ipse (himself).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈe.si/, [ˈe.si]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈe.sɨ/, [ˈe.sɨ]

Determiner[edit]

esse m (feminine essa, plural esses, feminine plural essas)

  1. that (near you)
    Esse chapéu está limpo?
    Is that hat clean?
  2. (Brazil) this (near me)
    Esse livro é muito bom.
    This book is very good.

Pronoun[edit]

'esse m (feminine essa neuter isso, plural esses, feminine plural essas)

(definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. that, that one (near you)
  2. that (that one); this (this one) (indicates something already mentioned or understood from context)
    Esse é o segredo para vencer.
    This is the secret to winning.
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:esse.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali,
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈɛ.si/, [ˈɛ.si]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈɛ.sɨ/, [ˈɛ.sɨ]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.
  2. something shaped like the letter S
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:esse.


Tatar[edit]

Adjective[edit]

esse

  1. hot

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estre, from Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]