pi

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

English[edit]

Ancient Greek Alphabet

omicron
Greek uc pi.pngGreek lc pi.png
rho
Π π
Ancient Greek: πεῖ
Wikipedia article on pi
This mosaic is outside the mathematics building at the Technische Universität Berlin.
When a circle's diameter is 1 unit, its circumference is π units.
When a circle's radius is 1 unit, its circumference is 2π units.

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πεῖ ‎(peî). Its mathematical use apparently stems from its use as the first letter in περιφέρεια ‎(periféreia, periphery; circumference) and was first cited in 1706 in the Synopsis Palmariorum Matheseos by William Jones.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi ‎(plural pis)

  1. The name of the sixteenth letter of the Classical and Modern Greek alphabets and the seventeenth in Old Greek.
  2. (mathematics) An irrational and transcendental constant representing the ratio of the circumference of a Euclidean circle to its diameter; approximately 3.1415926535897932384626433832795; usually written π.
  3. (letterpress typography) Metal type that has been spilled, mixed together, or disordered. Also called pie.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pi ‎(third-person singular simple present pies, present participle piing, simple past and past participle pied)

  1. (letterpress typography) To spill or mix printing type. Also, "to pie".

Adjective[edit]

pi ‎(not comparable)

  1. (typography) Not part of the usual font character set; especially, non-Roman type or symbols as opposed to standard alphanumeric Roman type.
    In computing, pi characters are entered with special combinations of keys like ctrl-alt-x, or via character sequences such as {.

Translations[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

pi

  1. (typography) pica (conventionally, 12 points = 1 pica, 6 picas = 1 inch)
  2. piaster
  3. pious
    • 1927, Magdalen King-Hall, I Think I Remember: Being the Random Recollections of Sir Wickham Woolicomb, an Ordinary English Snob and Gentleman
      Our Major was "Cherub" Cheeseman, noted for his foul language. I am afraid he lost a tidy little legacy that he was expecting from his aunt, the Dowager Lady Shuttlecock (a very "pi" old lady), through this same habit of his.
    • 1972, Anya Seton, Green Darkness, Hachette UK (ISBN 9781444709155)
      “Those are very 'pi' sentiments. Was a preacher in Staffordshire— I was raised chapel, though've tried to forget it—he talked that way... redemption and the lot.”
    • 1994, Roger Gard, Jane Austen's Novels: The Art of Clarity, Yale University Press (ISBN 9780300059267), page 101
      In Sense and Sensibility, as even you might agree, there's at least the danger of a rather pi moral framework clamping down on the spontaneous fun and leaving the sisters to survive - a bit drearily - on the periphery of a mean world.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *pīja, from Proto-Indo-European *pih₃- (compare Greek πίνω ‎(píno), Serbo-Croatian pìti, Italian bere).

Verb[edit]

pi ‎(first-person singular past tense piva, participle pirë)

  1. I drink

Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Usage notes[edit]

  • ai pi - he is a drinker
  • nuk pi duhan - I do not smoke
Derived terms[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per. Compare Daco-Romanian pe.

Preposition[edit]

pi

  1. on

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Provençal pin, from Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- ‎(sap, juice).

Noun[edit]

pi m ‎(plural pins)

  1. pine; evergreen tree of the genus Pinus.
  2. pinewood
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi f ‎(plural pis)

  1. Pi; the Greek letter Π (lowercase π).

Central Berawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]

  • Robert Blust, 2000, Low Vowel Fronting in Northern Sarawak, Oceanic Linguistics, 39:2, pp. 285-319, page 316
  • Robert Blust, 2006, The Origin of the Kelabit Voiced Aspirates: A Historical Hypothesis Revisited, Oceanic Linguistics, 45:2, pages 311-338

Chachi[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water
  2. river

References[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pes, pedem.

Noun[edit]

pi m ‎(plural pič)

  1. foot

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi m ‎(plural pi)

  1. pi (Greek letter)
  2. (mathematics) pi

Etymology 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

pi

  1. (Quebec, colloquial) Alternative spelling of pis and.

External links[edit]


Guambiano[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water
  2. river

References[edit]

  • Beatriz Vásquez de Ruiz, La predicación en guambiano (Colciencias, 1988)
  • Randall Q. Huber, Robert B. Reed, Comparative vocabulary, page 86, 1992

Inuktitut[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi (syllabics )

  1. thing

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

pi m ‎(invariable)

  1. pi (Greek letter)

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pi

  1. rōmaji reading of
  2. rōmaji reading of

Kedah Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pi

  1. Go
    Satgi kalau depa nak pi keluaq dah, habaq kat aku awai sikit noh, satgi tak dan.
    If they are ready to go out, please inform me earlier, so that I won't be late.
    Hang ni oghang kata pa pun bukan nak dengaq, mampuih pi kat hang la.
    You never listen, just go to hell
  2. Do
    Hangpa pi bedak elok-elok bagi sama banyak buah moktan tu, satgi baghu tak berkelai.
    You should split the rambutans equally between yourselves, then you won't have to fight over it.
    Awat yang hang pi pukui dia, satgi dia bawak mai geng pi taboh hang pulak, lagu mana?
    Why did you hit him, don't you afraid he might summon his gang to beat you up?

See also[edit]


Lango (Uganda)[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Michael P. Noonan, A Grammar of Lango [Uganda]

Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

pi ‎(rafsi piz)

  1. decimal point
    xapixa
    6.6
  2. point for other numbering systems (e.g., binary, ternary, octal, etc.)

Related terms[edit]


Luo[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Benny Garell Blount, Acquisition of Language by Luo Children (1969), page 57
  • Roy Lawrence Stafford, An elementary Luo grammar, page 24, 1967

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pi

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pyid (continental Normandy)
  • pid (Jersey, Guernsey)

Etymology[edit]

From Old French pié, from Latin pēs, pedis, from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds.

Noun[edit]

pi m ‎(plural pis)

  1. (Sark, anatomy) foot

Nuer[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]

  • Joseph Pasquale Crazzolara, Outlines of a Nuer grammar, page 28, 1933

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Particle[edit]

pi

  1. an emphatic particle

Conjunction[edit]

pi

  1. also, even so
  2. even

References[edit]

  • pi in Pali Text Society (1921–1925), Pali-English Dictionary, London: Chipstead. (licensed under CC-BY-NC)

Pirahã[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]

  • Pirahã Dictionary/ Dicionário Mura-Pirahã
  • Čestmír Loukotka, ‎Johannes Wilbert (editor), Classification of South American Indian Languages (1968, Los Angeles: Latin American Studies Center, University of California), page(s) 96 (as , ipé)

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek πεῖ ‎(peî).

Noun[edit]

pi m (plural pis)

  1. pi (name of the Greek letter Π, π)

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeia.

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

pi

  1. bleep (high-pitched sound)

Quechua[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

pi

  1. who

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 n ‎(Cyrillic spelling пи̑)

  1. pi (Greek letter)
  2. pi (mathematical constant)

Shilluk[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]

  • B. Kohnen, Shilluk grammar : with a little English-Shilluk dictionary, Missioni Africane, Vérone, Italie, 317 pages, page 313, 1933

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 m inan ‎(genitive píja or , nominative plural píji or )

  1. pi (Greek letter)
  2. pi (mathematical constant)

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi f ‎(plural píes)

  1. pi; the Greek letter Π, π

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi n

  1. (mathematics) pi, a constant
  2. pi; a Greek letter

Totoro[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]


Tsafiki[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pii, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *piŋe.

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. tooth (protrusion of certain objects, e.g. a saw, rake)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of pi
nominative sing. pi
genitive sing. pin
partitive sing. pid
partitive plur. pid
singular plural
nominative pi pid
accusative pin pid
genitive pin piden
partitive pid pid
essive-instructive pin pin
translative pikš pikš
inessive piš piš
elative pišpäi pišpäi
illative  ? pihe
adessive pil pil
ablative pilpäi pilpäi
allative pile pile
abessive pita pita
comitative pinke pidenke
prolative pidme pidme
approximative I pinno pidenno
approximative II pinnoks pidennoks
egressive pinnopäi pidennopäi
terminative I  ? pihesai
terminative II pilesai pilesai
terminative III pissai
additive I  ? pihepäi
additive II pilepäi pilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “зуб”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

West Berawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

pi

  1. water

Reference[edit]

  • Robert Blust, 2000, Low Vowel Fronting in Northern Sarawak, Oceanic Linguistics, 39:2, pp. 285-319, page 316
  • Robert Blust, 2006, The Origin of the Kelabit Voiced Aspirates: A Historical Hypothesis Revisited, Oceanic Linguistics, 45:2, pages 311-338