pes

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See also: PES, PEs, pés, pès, pês, peš, p.es., pěś, and пес

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pēs (foot). Doublet of foot and pous.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /peɪ̯s/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪs
  • Homophone: pace

Noun[edit]

pes (plural pedes)

  1. the foot of a human
  2. the hoof of a quadruped
  3. clubfoot or talipes
  4. (music) a neume representing two notes ascending

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Catalan pes, from Latin pēnsum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m (plural pesos)

  1. weight, the heaviness of something, as caused by the downward force of gravity of its mass.
  2. weight, a piece of metal or other materials known to weigh a definite amount, as the ones used on scales or sports

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes f (singulative pesen)

  1. (Revived Late Cornish) peas

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

pes

Inherited from Old Czech pes, from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Noun[edit]

pes m anim (feminine psice)

  1. dog
  2. male dog
    Coordinate term: fena f
  3. scoundrel, bad person
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pes in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pes in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • pes in Internetová jazyková příručka

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. genitive plural of peso
Alternative forms[edit]

Friulian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • peš (alternative spelling)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin piscem.

Noun[edit]

pes m (plural pes)

  1. fish

Related terms[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch pest, from Middle French peste (whence French peste), ultimately from Latin pestis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛs]
  • Hyphenation: pès

Noun[edit]

pes or pès

  1. pest, plague.
    Synonym: sampar

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
pēs hūmānus (human foot)
pēs equī (foot of a horse)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pets, from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (compare Sanskrit पद् (pád), Ancient Greek πούς (poús) and Old English fōt, whence English foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pēs m (genitive pedis); third declension

  1. a foot, in its senses as
    1. (anatomy) a human foot
      … ne manus, nec pedes, nec alia membra …
      … not the hands, not the feet, and not the other limbs …
      • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.395-397:
        Forte revertēbar fēstīs Vestālibus illa [...].
        hūc pede mātrōnam vīdī dēscendere nūdō.
        It so happened that I was returning from the festival of Vesta [...]. Here I saw a matron coming down barefoot.
        (Literally, in the ablative singular: “pede nūdō” or “with bare foot.” Roman matrons walked barefoot to honor Vesta (mythology) during the Vestalia.)
    2. (zoology) any equivalent body part of an animal, including hooves, paws, etc.
    3. (units of measure) any of various units of length notionally based on the adult human foot, especially (historical) the Roman foot.
    4. (poetry) a metrical foot: the basic unit of metered poetry
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Tristia 1.15-16:
      vāde, liber, verbīsque meīs loca grāta salūtā:
      contingam certē quō licet illā pede!
      Go, [my] book, and greet with my words [those] beloved places: at least I shall reach [them] with the ‘foot’ that is allowed!
      (The exiled poet puns that the metrical “feet” of his poem shall go where his own “feet” cannot.)
    1. (geography) the base of a mountain
    2. (furniture) the bottom of a leg of a table, chair, stool, etc.
  2. (figuratively) a place to tread one's foot: territory, ground, soil
  3. (nautical) a rope attached to a sail in order to set
  4. (music) tempo, pace, time
  5. (botany) the pedicel or stalk of a fruit

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pēs pedēs
Genitive pedis pedum
Dative pedī pedibus
Accusative pedem pedēs
Ablative pede pedibus
Vocative pēs pedēs

Hyponyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: pezã
    • Romanian: piez piază
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
    • Catalan: peu
    • Old Occitan: pe
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Sardinian:
    • Campidanese: pei
    • Logudorese: pe
    • Nuorese: pede
  • Derived forms:
  • Borrowings:
  • German: stante pede

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "pes", in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • "pes", in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • pes”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Lombard[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Italian peso, from Latin pensum.

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. weight

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. Alternative form of pese

Old Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m animal

  1. (mammals) dog

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pax.

Noun[edit]

pes oblique singularf (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pes)

  1. Alternative form of pais (peace)

Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit [script needed] (appa),[1] [script needed] (atta),[1] from Sanskrit आत्मन् (ātman).[1]

Pronoun[edit]

pes

  1. himself, herself (third-person singular reflexive pronoun)[1]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: pes

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “pe(s)”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 215a

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m (Cyrillic spelling пес)

  1. (Kajkavian) dog
    Synonym: pas

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m anim (genitive singular psa, nominative plural psi, psy, genitive plural psov)

  1. dog

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pes”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2023

Slovene[edit]

Velik bel pes - A large white dog

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pə̏s m anim (female equivalent psíca)

  1. dog
    Synonyms: kuža, bevskač, cucek, kuže, pesjak, pse, pseto, psina, renčač, kosmatinec
    Imamo tri pse.We have three dogs.
    Na sprehod grem s svojim psom.I'm going on a walk with my dog.
  2. (zoology) any of the species in family Canidae
  3. (zoology, in the plural) family Canidae
  4. (zoology, uncountable) genus Canis
  5. (figuratively, derogatory) a malicious person[→SSKJ]
    Synonyms: hudobnež, hudič, hudičevec, hudiman, hudimar, hudir, hudoba, hudobijan, hudobni, hudobnik, leviatan, mefisto, pasjeglavec, peklenšček, pesjan, pesjanar, peslajnar, pošast, pošastnik, psoglavec, satan, satanov služabnik, steklač, strupenec, strupenjak, škorpijon, vrag, zlobec, zlobnež, zlodej, zlodejevec, zlohotnež, zlomek, žlehtnoba
    Antonyms: dobričina, angel, dobrosrčnež, dobričnež, dobričnik, duša, dušica, mehkosrčnež, milosrčnež, svetnik
  6. (theater) unimportant role
    Synonym: stranska vloga
    Antonym: glavna vloga

Declension[edit]

First masculine declension (hard o-stem, animate), short ending accent, fill vowel ə
nom. sing. pə̏s
gen. sing. psȁ
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
pə̏s psȁ psȉ
genitive
rodȋlnik
psȁ psȍv, psóv psȍv, psóv
dative
dajȃlnik
psȕ, psȉ psȍma, psomȁ psȍm
accusative
tožȋlnik
psȁ psȁ psȅ
locative
mẹ̑stnik
psȕ, psȉ psȉh psȉh
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
psȍm psȍma, psomȁ psȉ
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
pə̏s psȁ psȉ



  • dialectal
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, animate), fixed accent, vowel is only written in nominative singular
nom. sing. pə̏s
gen. sing. psa
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
pə̏s psa psi
genitive
rodȋlnik
psa psov psov
dative
dajȃlnik
psu, psi psoma, psama psom, psam
accusative
tožȋlnik
psa psa pse
locative
mẹ̑stnik
psu, psi psih, psah psih, psah
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
psom psoma, psama psi
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
pə̏s psa psi


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pes”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • pes”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes f pl

  1. plural of pe

Tok Pisin[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology[edit]

From English face.

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. (anatomy) face
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:19:
      Na bai yu wok hat tru long kisim kaikai bilong yu na tuhat bai i kamap long pes bilong yu. Na bai yu hatwok oltaim inap yu dai na yu go bek long graun. Long wanem, mi bin wokim yu long graun, na bai yu go bek gen long graun.”
      →New International Version translation
  2. page

Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English face.

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. face

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. (eastern dialect) a ripe coconut
Usage notes[edit]

Pes is the fifth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by kopespes and followed by u.

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpes/
  • Hyphenation: pes

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish بس(bes, Enough! Hold!, interj.),[1][2] from Persian بس(bas, enough).

Interjection[edit]

Pes!

  1. Used when accepting defeat; "I yield!" or "Uncle!"
  2. Used when at a loss for words at someone's extraordinary behavior or action; "I don't even know what to say!", "This is too much!" or "This takes the cake!"
    Yalanın bu kadarına da pes doğrusu!To be honest, I don't even know what to say about such a lie!
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish پس(pes, low and soft or bass voice or tone),[3][4] from Persian پست(past, low, abject).[5]

Adjective[edit]

pes

  1. (music) That which is sung softly and slowly; bass.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish پس(pes, the hinder part, back of a thing, pursuit after a thing), from Persian پس(pas, back, hind; then, so, therefore).

Noun[edit]

pes (definite accusative pesi, plural pesler)

  1. (obsolete) back, hind part

Adverb[edit]

pes

  1. (obsolete) then, so, in that case
    Synonyms: öyleyse, o hâlde, binaenaleyh
  2. (obsolete) then, after, afterwards
    Synonyms: sonra, müteakiben, nihayet
  3. (obsolete) in summary, in short, in conclusion
    Synonyms: hasılı, hasılıkelam, velhasıl
  4. (obsolete) when, whenever, as soon as

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890), “بس”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 363
  2. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911), “بس”, in Dictionnaire turc-français, Constantinople: Mihran, page 265
  3. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890), “پس”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 447
  4. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911), “پس”, in Dictionnaire turc-français, Constantinople: Mihran, page 322
  5. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “pes”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading[edit]