pes

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See also: PES, PEs, pés, pès, pês, peš, p.es., and pěś

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pēs (foot).

Noun[edit]

pes (plural pedes)

  1. the foot of a human
  2. the hoof of a quadruped
  3. clubfoot or talipes
  4. (music) a neume representing two notes ascending

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan pes, from Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pensum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m (plural pesos)

  1. weight (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes f (singulative pesen)

  1. (Revived Late Cornish) peas

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

A dog (a Labrador)

Noun[edit]

pes m anim

  1. (mammals) dog
  2. male dog
  3. scoundrel, bad person
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pes in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pes in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. genitive plural of peso

Alternative forms[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • peš (alternative orthography)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin piscis, piscem.

Noun[edit]

pes m (plural pes)

  1. fish

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

pēs hūmānus (human foot)
pēs equī (foot of a horse)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (compare Sanskrit पद् (pád), Ancient Greek πούς (poús) and Old English fōt, English foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pēs m (genitive pedis); third declension

  1. a foot, in its senses as
    1. (anatomy) a human foot
      ...ne manus, nec pedes, nec alia membra...
      ...not the hands, not the feet, and not the other limbs...
    2. (zoology) any equivalent body part of an animal, including hooves, paws, etc.
    3. (units of measure) any of various units of length notionally based on the adult human foot, especially (historical) the Roman foot.
    4. (poetry) a metrical foot: the basic unit of metered poetry
    5. (geography) the base of a mountain
    6. (furniture) the bottom of a leg of a table, chair, stool, etc.
  2. (figuratively) a place to tread one's foot: territory, ground, soil
  3. (nautical) a rope attached to a sail in order to set
  4. (music) tempo, pace, time
  5. (botany) the pedicel or stalk of a fruit

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pēs pedēs
genitive pedis pedum
dative pedī pedibus
accusative pedem pedēs
ablative pede pedibus
vocative pēs pedēs

Hyponyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pes in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pes in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to begin a journey (on foot, on horseback, by land): iter ingredi (pedibus, equo, terra)
    • to go on foot: pedibus ire
    • to trample under foot: pedibus obterere, conculcare
    • to have the gout: ex pedibus laborare, pedibus aegrum esse
    • to vote for some one's motion: discedere (pedibus), ire in alicuius sententiam (Liv. 23. 10)
    • to serve in the cavalry, infantry: equo, pedibus merere (Liv. 27. 11)
    • (ambiguous) a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to fall at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius accidere
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius se proicere, se abicere, procumbere, se prosternere
    • (ambiguous) to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
    • (ambiguous) to fail to see what lies before one: quod ante pedes est or positum est, non videre
    • (ambiguous) to never set foot out of doors: domo pedem non efferre
    • (ambiguous) to cross the threshold: pedem limine efferre
    • (ambiguous) a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)
    • (ambiguous) hand to hand: collato pede (Liv. 6. 12)
    • (ambiguous) to retire (without turning one's back on the enemy): pedem referre
  • pes in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pax.

Noun[edit]

pes f (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pes)

  1. Alternative form of pais (peace)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m (Cyrillic spelling пес)

  1. (Kajkavian) dog

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes m (genitive singular psa, nominative plural psi, psy, genitive plural psov)

  1. dog

Usage notes[edit]

Declension pattern dub if you are referring to dogs in general or chlap if you are referring to them as pets (that is you think of them as persons).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pes in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Velik bel pes - A large white dog

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pès m anim (genitive psà, nominative plural psì, feminine psíca)

  1. dog
    Imamo tri pse.
    We have three dogs.
    Na sprehod grem s svojim psom.
    I'm going on a walk with my dog.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pes/
  • Homophone: pez (non-Castilian)

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. plural of pe

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English face.

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. (anatomy) face
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 3:19:
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English face.

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. face

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pes

  1. (eastern dialect) a ripe coconut

Usage notes[edit]

Pes is the fifth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by kopespes and followed by u.