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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *póds, from *ped- (to walk, to step) +‎ *-s.


*pṓds m

  1. foot


Athematic, acrostatic
nominative *pṓds
genitive *pedés
singular dual plural
nominative *pṓds *pódh₁(e) *pódes
vocative *pód *pódh₁(e) *pódes
accusative *pódm̥ *pódh₁(e) *pódm̥s
genitive *pedés *? *pedóHom
ablative *pedés *? *pedmós
dative *pedéy *? *pedmós
locative *péd, *pédi *? *pedsú
instrumental *pedéh₁ *? *pedmís

The categorisation as acrostatic is based on the assumption that earlier oblique forms were in root-accented *péd-.[1]



  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 45
  2. ^ Matzinger, Joachim (2017–2018), “Chapter XV: Albanian”, in Klein, Jared S.; Joseph, Brian D.; Fritz, Matthias, editor, Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft [Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science]; 41.2), Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, →ISBN, § The lexicon of Albanian, page 1791
  3. ^ Buck, Carl (1904) A grammar of Oscan and Umbrian, Ginn & Co, page 19