πούς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ped-

From Proto-Indo-European *pṓds. Cognates include Latin pēs, Sanskrit पद् ‎(pad), Old Armenian ոտն ‎(otn) and հետ ‎(het), Gothic 𐍆𐍉𐍄𐌿𐍃 ‎(fōtus) and Old English fōt (English foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πούς ‎(poúsm ‎(genitive ποδός); third declension poys pous may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek πούς.

  1. (anatomy) foot
    1. (anatomy, by extension) leg
  2. (unit of measure) Greek foot or pous, the ancient Greek and Byzantine unit of length originally based upon the length of a shod foot

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Homer also uses the dative plurals ποσσί ‎(possí) and πόδεσσι ‎(pódessi). In addition Epic Greek uses ποδοῖιν ‎(podoîin) as the genitive and dative dual.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • πούς in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «πούς» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «πούς» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «πούς» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «πούς» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • foot idem, page 333.
    • leg idem, page 484.
    • rope idem, page 721.
    • sheet idem, page 764.
    • step idem, page 815.