आत्मन्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *HáHtmā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HáHtmā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éh₁t-mō ~ *h₁h₁t-m̥nés (breath, spirit), from *h₁eh₁t- +‎ *-mō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

आत्मन् (ātmánm

  1. breath (RV.)
  2. soul, life (RV., AV., etc.)
  3. self
  4. nature, character
  5. a person as a whole, as opposed to their parts (VS., ŚBr.)
  6. body
  7. mind, understanding
  8. the world-soul
  9. effort (L.)
  10. firmness (L.)
  11. sun (L.)
  12. fire (L.)
  13. son (L.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine an-stem declension of आत्मन् (ātmán)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आत्मा
ātmā́
आत्मानौ / आत्माना¹
ātmā́nau / ātmā́nā¹
आत्मानः
ātmā́naḥ
Vocative आत्मन्
ātmán
आत्मानौ / आत्माना¹
ā́tmānau / ā́tmānā¹
आत्मानः
ā́tmānaḥ
Accusative आत्मानम्
ātmā́nam
आत्मानौ / आत्माना¹
ātmā́nau / ātmā́nā¹
आत्मनः
ātmánaḥ
Instrumental आत्मना
ātmánā
आत्मभ्याम्
ātmábhyām
आत्मभिः
ātmábhiḥ
Dative आत्मने
ātmáne
आत्मभ्याम्
ātmábhyām
आत्मभ्यः
ātmábhyaḥ
Ablative आत्मनः
ātmánaḥ
आत्मभ्याम्
ātmábhyām
आत्मभ्यः
ātmábhyaḥ
Genitive आत्मनः
ātmánaḥ
आत्मनोः
ātmánoḥ
आत्मनाम्
ātmánām
Locative आत्मनि
ātmáni
आत्मनोः
ātmánoḥ
आत्मसु
ātmásu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

आत्मन् (ātmán)

  1. (reflexive) a person in the predicate who is also the subject of the sentence

Borrowed terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]