Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/HáHtmā

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éh₁t-mō ~ *h₁h₁t-m̥nés (beath, spirit), from *h₁eh₁t- (to breathe) +‎ *-mō. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *ēþmô (breath), Proto-Tocharian *āñcäme (wish, self, soul).

Noun[edit]

*HáHtmā ~ *Htmáns m[1][2][N 1]

  1. breath
  2. soul, self

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Aryan: *HáHtmā ~ *Htmáns
  • Nuristani: [Term?] (self)
    • Kamkata-viri:
      Kamviri: āmu
      Kativiri: āmu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The declension looks to have been contaminated by the neuter men-stem.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kümmel, M. J. (2015), “Suppletive Phenomena in Older Indo-Iranian Noun Inflection”, in Diachrony and Suppletion[1], Prague: “*(H)áHtmān- ~ *(H)Htman- ‘breath’ > Ved. ātmā́n- ~ tmán- RV → ātmā́n- ~ ātmán”
  2. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “ātmán-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University