nature

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See also: Nature

English[edit]

Wikipedia Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English natur, nature, from Old French nature, from Latin nātūra (birth, origin, natural constitution or quality), future participle from perfect passive participle (g)natus (born), from deponent verb (g)nasci (to be born, originate) + future participle suffix -urus. Replaced native Middle English cunde, icunde (nature, property, type, genus, character) (from Old English ġecynd), Middle English lund (nature, disposition) (from Old Norse lund), Middle English burthe (nature, birth, nation) (from Old English ġebyrd and Old Norse *byrðr). More at kind.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature (countable and uncountable, plural natures)

  1. (uncountable) The natural world; consisting of all things unaffected by or predating human technology, production and design. e.g. the ecosystem, the natural environment, virgin ground, unmodified species, laws of nature.
    • Macaulay
      Nature has caprices which art cannot imitate.
    • 1891, Oscar Wilde, The Decay of Lying
      Nature has good intentions, of course, but, as Aristotle once said, she cannot carry them out. When I look at a landscape I cannot help seeing all its defects.
  2. The innate characteristics of a thing. What something will tend by its own constitution, to be or do. Distinct from what might be expected or intended.
    • 1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond Chapter 1
      Being by nature of a cheerful disposition, the symptom did not surprise his servant, late private of the same famous regiment, who was laying breakfast in an adjoining room.
    • 1869, Horatio Alger, Mark the Match Boy Chapter 16
      Mark hardly knew whether to believe this or not. He already began to suspect that Roswell was something of a humbug, and though it was not in his nature to form a causeless dislike, he certainly did not feel disposed to like Roswell.
  3. The summary of everything that has to do with biological, chemical and physical states and events in the physical universe.
    • Milton
      I oft admire / How Nature, wise and frugal, could commit / Such disproportions.
    • 2012 January 1, Robert M. Pringle, “How to Be Manipulative”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 31: 
      As in much of biology, the most satisfying truths in ecology derive from manipulative experimentation. Tinker with nature and quantify how it responds.
  4. Conformity to that which is natural, as distinguished from that which is artificial, or forced, or remote from actual experience.
    • Shakespeare
      One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.
  5. Kind, sort; character; quality.
    • Dryden
      A dispute of this nature caused mischief.
  6. (obsolete) Physical constitution or existence; the vital powers; the natural life.
    • Shakespeare
      my days of nature
    • Shakespeare
      Oppressed nature sleeps.
  7. (obsolete) Natural affection or reverence.
    • Alexander Pope
      Have we not seen / The murdering son ascend his parent's bed, / Through violated nature force his way?

Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with nature.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

nature (third-person singular simple present natures, present participle naturing, simple past and past participle natured)

  1. (obsolete) To endow with natural qualities.

External links[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nature

  1. naturally

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin nātūra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature f (plural natures)

  1. nature

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

une brioche nature

nature (masculine and feminine, plural natures)

  1. plain, unseasoned
    Une brioche nature ou sucrée ?
    File-moi un yaourt nature s’il te plait.

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature f

  1. plural form of natura

Adjective[edit]

nature (invariable)

  1. natural

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

nātūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of naturus

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature f (plural natures)

  1. nature

Descendants[edit]


Novial[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature (plural natures)

  1. nature

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature f (oblique plural natures, nominative singular nature, nominative plural natures)

  1. nature
    • circa 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, Érec et Énide:
      De cesti tesmoingne Nature,
      Qu'onques si bele creature
      Ne fu veüe an tot le monde.
      Nature can testify
      That never such a beautiful creature
      Was seen in the whole world

Descendants[edit]