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प्रकृति (prakr̥tim

  1. nature (प्र + कृ + -क्त), literally meaning "as created/done", hence the "nature")


प्रकृति (prakr̥tif

  1. the original or natural form or condition of anything, original or primary substance (opp. to वि-कृति q.v.).
  2. cause original source.
  3. origin, extraction.
  4. nature, character, constitution, temper, disposition.
  5. fundamental form, pattern, standard, model, rule (esp. in ritual).
  6. (philosophy) the original producer of (or rather passive power of creating) the material world (consisting of 3 constituent essences or गुणs called सत्त्व, रजस् and तमस्), Nature (distinguished from पुरुष, Spirit as माया is distinguished from ब्रह्मन् in the वेदान्तs)
  7. (plural) the 8 producers or primary essences which evolve the whole visible world (viz. अ-व्यक्त, बुद्धि or महत्, अहं-कार, and the 5 तन्-मात्रस् or subtle elements ; rarely the 5 elements alone).
  8. (Hinduism) a goddess, the personified will of the Supreme in the creation (hence the same with the शक्ति or personified energy or wife of a deity, as लक्ष्मी, दुर्गा etc. ; also considered as identical with the Supreme Being).
  9. (plural) N. of a class of deities under मनु रैभ्य Hariv.
  10. (politics) (plural) a king's ministers, the body of ministers or counsellors, ministry.
  11. the subjects of a king, citizens, artisans.
  12. the constituent elements or powers of the state (of which are usually enumerated, viz. king minister, allies, treasure, army, territory, fortresses)
  13. the various sovereigns to be considered in case of war (viz. the मध्यम, विजिगीषु, उदासीन and शत्रु ; to which should be added 8 remoter princes, viz. the मित्र, अरिमित्र, मित्र-मित्र, अरिमित्र-मित्र, पार्ष्णि-ग्रह, आक्रन्द, पार्ष्णिग्राहासार, आक्रन्दासास ; each of these 12 kings has 5 प्रकृतिs in the form of minister, territory, fortresses, treasure and army, so that the total number of प्रकृतिs may be 72) Mn. vii, 155 ; 157 Kull.
  14. (grammar) the crude or elementary form of a word, base, root, an uninflected word.
  15. N. of 2 classes of metres.
  16. (arithmetic) a co-efficient multiplier.
  17. temperament, the predominance of one of the humours at the time of generation.
  18. (with त्रितीया) the third nature, a eunuch.
  19. matter, affair.
  20. the male or female organ of generation L.
  21. a woman or womankind.
  22. a mother.
  23. an animal.
  24. Name of a woman.


  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2 nd Ed. 1899