गुण

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See also: गण, गण्, and गुणा

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit गुण (guṇá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɡʊɳ/, [ɡʊ̃ɳ]

Noun[edit]

गुण (guṇm

  1. quality, condition
    उसके कोई अच्छे गुण हैं ही नहीं।
    uske koī acche guṇ ha͠i hī nahī̃.
    He has no good qualities at all.
  2. characteristic, property
  3. merit, virtue

Declension[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit गुण (guṇá).

Noun[edit]

गुण (guṇam

  1. virtue

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

गुण m

  1. Devanagari script form of guṇa (string)
  2. Devanagari script form of guṇa (quality)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Oldest attested meaning is probably “time, occurance”.[1]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

गुण (guṇám

  1. string, strand
  2. sinew (of a bow)
  3. string (of an instrument)
  4. time (occurance)
  5. quality, property
  6. (grammar, ablaut) full grade of vowels, ie /a/, /ar/, /e/, and /o/ (contrasts with zero grade and lengthened grade/vṛddhi)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गुण (guṇá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गुणः
guṇáḥ
गुणौ
guṇaú
गुणाः / गुणासः¹
guṇā́ḥ / guṇā́saḥ¹
Vocative गुण
gúṇa
गुणौ
gúṇau
गुणाः / गुणासः¹
gúṇāḥ / gúṇāsaḥ¹
Accusative गुणम्
guṇám
गुणौ
guṇaú
गुणान्
guṇā́n
Instrumental गुणेन
guṇéna
गुणाभ्याम्
guṇā́bhyām
गुणैः / गुणेभिः¹
guṇaíḥ / guṇébhiḥ¹
Dative गुणाय
guṇā́ya
गुणाभ्याम्
guṇā́bhyām
गुणेभ्यः
guṇébhyaḥ
Ablative गुणात्
guṇā́t
गुणाभ्याम्
guṇā́bhyām
गुणेभ्यः
guṇébhyaḥ
Genitive गुणस्य
guṇásya
गुणयोः
guṇáyoḥ
गुणानाम्
guṇā́nām
Locative गुणे
guṇé
गुणयोः
guṇáyoḥ
गुणेषु
guṇéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 489

Further reading[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “गुण”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0357.
  • Otto Böhtlingk; Richard Schmidt (1879-1928), “गुण”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016