คุณ

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See also: คูณ

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

คุณ m

  1. Thai script form of guṇa

Thai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative forms

Etymology[edit]

From Pali guṇa (cord; fibre; quality) or from Sanskrit गुण (guṇa, quality, feature, attribute; merit, virtue; etc); probably via Old Khmer guṇa (attribute; excellence; interest; merit; property; quality; supernatural power; virtue). Cognate with Lao ຄຸນ (khun); Khmer គុណ (kun); Old Javanese guṇa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicคุณ
g u ɳ
Phonemicคุน
g u n
[bound form]
คุน-นะ-
g u n – n a –
RomanizationPaiboonkunkun-ná-
Royal Institutekhunkhun-na-
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰun˧//kʰun˧.na˦˥./
Audio

Noun[edit]

คุณ (kun)

  1. attribute; characteristic; property.
  2. benefit; interest; use.
  3. magic; black magic; black art; occult; supernatural power.
  4. excellence; goodness.
  5. morality; virtue.
  6. (พระ~) favour; kindness.
  7. a noble title given to an unmarried woman who has been conferred with the royal decoration of Chula Chom Klao (second class to fourth class).
  8. (colloquial, polite) used as a title for or term of address to anyone out of respect.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (noble title): If the woman is married, the title คุณหญิง (kun-yǐng) is used. As for the woman is a member of the special second class or higher class, the title ท่านผู้หญิง (tân-pûu-yǐng) is used, irrespective of the marital status.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Pronoun[edit]

คุณ (kun)

  1. (colloquial, polite) a second or third person pronoun, used out of respect.