คุณ

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See also: คูณ

Thai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pali guṇa (cord; fibre; quality) or from Sanskrit गुण (guṇa, quality, feature, attribute; merit, virtue; etc); probably via Old Khmer guṇa (attribute; excellence; interest; merit; property; quality; supernatural power; virtue). Cognate with Khmer គុណ (kun); Old Javanese guṇa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic คุณ
g u ɳ
Phonemic คุน
g u n
[bound form]
คุน-นะ-
g u n – n a –
Romanization Paiboon kun kun-ná-
Royal Institute khun khun-na-
(standard) IPA(key) /kʰun˧/ /kʰun˧.na˦˥./

Noun[edit]

คุณ (kun)

  1. attribute; characteristic; property.
  2. benefit; interest; use.
  3. magic; black magic; black art; occult; supernatural power.
  4. excellence; goodness.
  5. (พระ~) favour; kindness.
  6. morality; virtue.
  7. a noble title given to an unmarried woman who has been granted the royal decoration of Chula Chom Klao from the fourth class to the second class.
  8. (colloquial) an honorific prefixed to a name, title, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

คุณ (kun)

  1. (colloquial) a second or third person pronoun, used out of respect.