เขา

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Isan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), Thai เขา (kǎo) ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw).

Pronoun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. he, she, it, him, her
    Synonym: ลาว (láao)

See also[edit]

Isan personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Formal ข้าน้อย (kàa-nɔ̂ɔi) ท่าน (tāan) เพิ่น (pə̄n) หมู่ข้าน้อย (mūu kàa-nɔ̂ɔi) หมู่ท่าน (mūu tāan) ขะเจ้า (ka-jâo)
Common ข้อย (kɔ̀ɔi) เจ้า (jâo) เขา (kǎo)
ลาว (láao)
เฮา (háo)
หมู่เฮา (mūu háo)
หมู่เจ้า (mūu jâo) หมู่เขา (mūu kǎo)
หมู่ลาว (mūu láao)
Vulgar กู (guu) มึง (mʉ́ng) มัน (mán) N/A

Thai[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicเขา
e kʰ ā
Phonemic
เขา
e kʰ ā
[informal]
เค้า
e g ˆ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎokáo
Royal Institutekhaokhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)/kʰaw˦˥/(R)

Pronoun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. he; she; they.
  2. (childish) I; oneself.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The third person pronoun can be used specifically or nonspecifically, such as "เขาว่า..." (kǎo wâa...; "they say...").
  • The first person pronoun is usually used with the second person pronoun ตัวเอง (dtuua-eeng) or เตง (dteeng).

Noun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. (figuratively) one who is not on someone's part or side or is not a member of someone's group, entity, etc.
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare Middle Chinese (MC kʰɨu, “mountain”). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

Noun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. hill; mountain.
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Tai *qawᴬ (horn). Cognate to Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Shan ၶဝ် (khǎw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw) or 𑜁𑜨𑜧 (khow), Zhuang gaeu. Compare Sui baol and ggaol (horn), Southern Kam baol (horn), Proto-Hlai *ɦəw (horn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

Noun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. horn; antler.
See also[edit]
See also

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

Noun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. (นก~) any of various birds of the family Columbidae, including doves and pigeons.
See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

Noun[edit]

เขา (kǎo)

  1. (somewhat archaic) climber; creeper; vine.