นาง

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Thai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative forms

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *naːŋᴬ (lady), from Old Chinese (OC *naŋ, “young woman”).[1] Cognate with Northern Thai ᨶᩣ᩠ᨦ, Lao ນາງ (nāng), ᦓᦱᧂ (naang), Tai Dam ꪙꪱꪉ, Shan ၼၢင်း (náang), Tai Nüa ᥘᥣᥒᥰ (läang) or ᥢᥣᥒᥰ (näang), Aiton ꩫင်, Ahom 𑜃𑜂𑜫 (nang). Cognate via Old Chinese: Old Khmer នាង (nāṅa, nāṅ°), , (courtesy title for females), Khmer នាង (niəng), Vietnamese nàng, Burmese နန်း (nan:).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicนาง
n ā ŋ
RomanizationPaiboonnaang
Royal Institutenang
(standard) IPA(key)/naːŋ˧/(R)

Noun[edit]

นาง (naang)

  1. (archaic) chief; lord; master.
  2. title:
    1. (archaic) a formal title given to a woman in authority, as a goddess, queen, princess, mistress, etc.
    2. a formal title given to a female animal.
    3. a title given to any female.
    4. (law) a formal title which a married woman may use instead of เด็กหญิง (dèk-yǐng) or นางสาว (naang-sǎao).
    5. similar title, as mistress, madame, etc.
  3. used to replace อี (ii) for politeness, such as นางแอ่น (naang-ɛ̀n) for อีแอ่น (ii-ɛ̀n), นางรม (naang-rom) for อีรม (ii-rom), etc.
  4. (chiefly in compounds) woman.

Usage notes[edit]

  • A man under 15 years of age is required to use the title เด็กชาย (dèk-chaai), and one over 15 years of age is required to use the title นาย (naai).
  • An unmarried woman under 15 years of age is required to use the title เด็กหญิง (dèk-yǐng), and one over 15 years of age is required to use the title นางสาว (naang-sǎao). A married woman, irrespective of her age, is required to use either the present title or the title นางสาว (naang-sǎao).

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Pronoun[edit]

นาง (naang)

  1. (formal and archaic, now derogatory) a second or third person pronoun used to refer to a female.
  2. (colloquial or humorous) a second or third person pronoun used to refer to anyone.

Classifier[edit]

นาง (naang)

  1. (somewhat archaic) Classifier for females..

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pittayaporn, Pittayawat, “Layers of Chinese Loanwords in Proto-Southwestern Tai as Evidence for the Dating of the Spread of Southwestern Tai”, in MANUSYA: Journal of Humanities, volume 20 (special issue), Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, 2014, ISSN 0859-9920, pages 47–68.