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U+4E18, 丘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E18

[U+4E17]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E19]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人一 (OM), four-corner 72101, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 77, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33
  • Dae Jaweon: page 156, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 17, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E18

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𠀉

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
丘-oracle.svg 丘-bronze.svg 丘-silk.svg 丘-bigseal.svg 丘-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ

Ideogram (指事) – hill. Earlier form closer to , as in (OC *kʰa, *qʰa). Compare .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: khu - vernacular, khiu - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuw/
Li
Rong
/kʰiu/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰə/
English hill, mound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10523
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mound; hill
  2. grave
  3. to place a coffin in a temporary shelter pending burial
  4. (dialectal) Classifier for fields: plot

See also[edit]

  • (hills): (shān)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おか, romaji oka)

  1. hill
     (おか) (くだ)
    oka o kudaru
    to go down a hill

Usage notes[edit]

The most common kanji for this word is 丘.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku)
  • Name (hangeul): 언덕 (revised: eondeok, McCune-Reischauer: ǒndǒk)
  1. hill

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khâu, kheo, khưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]