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See also: and
U+4E18, 丘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E18

[U+4E17]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E19]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人一 (OM), four-corner 72101, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 77, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33
  • Dae Jaweon: page 156, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 17, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E18

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Qin bamboo and wooden slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
丘-oracle.svg ACC-b12629.svg 丘-bronze-warring.svg 丘-silk.svg 丘-slip.svg ACC-s05952.svg 丘-seal.svg 丘-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ

Ideogram (指事) – hill. Earlier form closer to , as in (OC *kʰa, *qʰa). Compare .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khu - vernacular;
  • khiu - literary.
Note:
  • ku1 - vernacular;
  • kiu1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuw/
Li
Rong
/kʰiu/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰə/
English hill, mound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10523
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mound; hill
  2. grave
  3. to place a coffin in a temporary shelter pending burial
  4. (dialectal) Classifier for fields: plot

See also[edit]

  • (hills): (shān)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おか
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (less common)
  • (less common)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おか, rōmaji oka)

  1. hill
     (おか) (くだ)
    oka o kudaru
    to go down a hill

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku)
    • Name (hangeul): 언덕 (revised: eondeok, McCune-Reischauer: ǒndǒk)
  1. hill

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khâu, kheo, khưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]