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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
成-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
成-oracle.svg 成-bronze.svg 成-silk.svg 成-bigseal.svg 成-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djeŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 62 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹尸 (IHS), four-corner 53200, composition𠃌)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 411, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11542
  • Dae Jaweon: page 752, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1399, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6210

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɑŋ⁴⁵/ 現~
/t͡sʰɑŋ²⁴/ 七八~
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/ ~功
/saŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
/sɛŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
/t͡siã³⁵/ ~人
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
/iaŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
/siã⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/
/t͡sia³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final: (121)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chéng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiæŋ/ /d͡ʑiajŋ/ /ʑiɛŋ/ /ʑĭɛŋ/ /ʑi̯ɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*[d]eŋ/ to become (v.i.)
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*m-[d]eŋ/ to complete (tr. v)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1417 0 /*djeŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to succeed
  2. to finish, to complete
  3. to accomplish
  4. to become, to turn into
    即食麵一塊 [Cantonese, trad.]
    即食面一块 [Cantonese, simp.]
    From: 2010, Cantonese Wikipedia, 即食麪
    Zik1 sik6 min6 hai6 zoeng1 min6 aat3 sing4 jat1 faai3. [Jyutping]
    Instant noodles are noodles compressed into a slab.
  5. to be all right
  6. OK!
  7. one tenth
      ―  sān chéng  ―  three tenths (30%)
      ―  chéng bàn  ―  5.5 tenths (55%)
      ―  chéng jiǔ  ―  8.9 tenths (89%)
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to become
  2. to do something

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thành, thình)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]