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See also:
U+6210, 成
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6210

[U+620F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6211]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
成-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 62 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹尸 (IHS), four-corner 53200, composition𠃌)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 411, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11542
  • Dae Jaweon: page 752, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1399, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6210

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
成-oracle.svg 成-bronze.svg 成-silk.svg 成-seal.svg 成-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ, *djeŋs
*djeŋ
*djeŋs
*djeŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djeŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sing4 - literary;
  • seng4 - vernacular;
  • cing4 - rare (e.g. 成數).
Note:
  • sàng - literary;
  • sṳ̀n - vernacular.
Note:
  • chhiâⁿ, chiâⁿ, siâⁿ - vernacular;
  • sêng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɑŋ⁴⁵/ 現~
/t͡sʰɑŋ²⁴/ 七八~
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/ ~功
/saŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ²¹/
/sɛŋ²¹/
Nanning /seŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /siŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ³⁵/
/t͡siã³⁵/ ~人
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ²¹/
/iaŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ⁵⁵/
/siã⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ³¹/
/t͡sia³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng › ‹ dzyeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/ /*m-[d]eŋ/
English to become (v.i.) to complete (tr. v)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1417
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to succeed
  2. to finish; to complete
  3. to accomplish
  4. to become; to turn into
    衰變206 / 衰变206  ―  shuāibiàn chéng qiān 206  ―  decay into 206Pb
  5. to be all right
  6. OK!
  7. one tenth
      ―  sān chéng  ―  three tenths (30%)
      ―  chéng bàn  ―  5.5 tenths (55%)
      ―  chéng jiǔ  ―  8.9 tenths (89%)
  8. 73rd tetragram of the Taixuanjing
  9. (Cantonese) entire
    / [Cantonese]  ―  seng4 faai3 juk6 [Jyutping]  ―  entire piece of meat
    / [Cantonese]  ―  seng4 zek3 gau2 gam2 [Jyutping]  ―  entirely like a dog
  10. (Cantonese) almost; nearly; up to
    [Cantonese]  ―  gou1 zo2 seng4 sei3 cyun3 [Jyutping]  ―  grew almost four inches
  11. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    搵工 [Cantonese, trad.]
    揾工 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 wan2 gung1 wan2 seng4 dim2 aa3? [Jyutping]
    How's the job hunting going?
  12. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to become
  2. to do something

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thành, thình)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]