君子

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Chinese[edit]

 
monarch; lord; gentleman; ruler
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
simp. and trad.
(君子)
Wikipedia has articles on:
君子 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Junzi (English)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (13)
Final () (59) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨun/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiun/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuən/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kun/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/kiuən/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/kĭuən/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uən/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjun › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qur/ /*tsəʔ/
English lord; ruler child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7289 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klun/ /*ʔslɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

君子

  1. junzi; man of virtue; high-minded person; noble person
    :「君子坦蕩蕩小人戚戚。」 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    :“君子坦荡荡小人戚戚。” [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Analects of Confucius, circa 475 – 221 BCE
    Zǐ yuē: "jūnzǐ tǎndàngdàng, xiǎorén cháng qīqī." [Pinyin]
    The Master said, “The superior man is satisfied and composed; the mean man is always full of distress.”
    君子 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    君子 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Analects of Confucius, circa 475 – 221 BCE
    Rén bù zhī ér bù yùn, bù yì jūnzǐ hū? [Pinyin]
    Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (君子):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
くん
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

君子 ‎(hiragana くんし, romaji kunshi)

  1. junzi; man of virtue; high-minded person; noble person

Antonyms[edit]