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U+4EA4, 交
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA4

[U+4EA3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EA5]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
交-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 8, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜金大 (YCK), four-corner 00408, composition or ⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 88, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 291
  • Dae Jaweon: page 185, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 282, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4EA4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
交-bronze.svg 交-seal.svg 交-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – a human with crossed legs.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rjaw (mix); cognate with Burmese ရော (rau:, to mix), Jingpho yau (be mixed), kəjau (to mix, intermix), cf. Chepang [script needed] (ljawh-ʔo, mixed) and Proto-Mienic *klaau3 (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kau - literary;
  • ka/ka̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kau/
    Wang
    Li
    /kau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiāo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁraw/
    English cross (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6296
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːw/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to intersect; to cross
    2. in a manner suggestive of crossing; at the same time; at the same place; forming reflexive verbs
      [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: Mencius, circa 4th century BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
      Shàng xià jiāo zhēng lì ér guó wēi yǐ. [Pinyin]
      Superiors and inferiors will try to snatch this profit the one from the other, and the kingdom will be endangered.
    3. to hand over; to turn in; to submit
      功課 / 功课 [Cantonese]  ―  gaau1 gung1 fo3 [Jyutping]  ―  to turn in homework
    4. to make (friends)
      朋友  ―  jiāopéngyǒu  ―  to make a friend
      男朋友  ―  jiāo nánpéngyǒu  ―  to get a boyfriend
    5. 16th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "contact" (𝌕)
    6. (obsolete) Alternative form of .
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tumble; fall; leg; foot; lower limb; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to intersect
    2. to keep company with; to mix with
    3. to cross

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こもごも
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    こもごも
    [adverb] alternating; one after another
    [adverb] all mixed up and indistinct
    Alternative spellings
    交々, , ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 사귈 (sagwil gyo))

    1. Hanja form? of (to intersect).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: giao

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.