きょう

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ぎょう

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Hiragana modern きょう
historical けふ
Kanji 今日

⟨ke1 pu⟩/kepu//kefu/ → */kewu//keu//kjoː/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Originally a compound of (ke, apophonic form of ko, "this") + (fu, apophonic form of hi, "day"). The final /eu//joː/ sound shift is a separate but regular phonological change.

As for the spelling of 今日, the use of the kanji (now) instead of (this) is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 今日.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

きょう (rōmaji kyō)

  1. today
    Synonym: 本日 (honjitsu)
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

きょう (rōmaji Kyō)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of きょう – see the following entries.
2
[noun]capital (city)
[noun](abbreviation) Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō)
[noun](abbreviation) Kyoto (京都, Kyōto)
2
2
[affix]teaching
[suffix]-ism (religion)
3
S
[noun]Clipping of 香車.
5
[noun]region, environment
[noun]mental state
[noun](Buddhism) something that can be perceived with the mind or senses
5
[noun](Buddhism) a sutra (Buddhist scripture):
  1. a discourse of the Gautama Buddha, one of the Twelve Divisions of Mahayana Buddhism
  2. short for 経蔵 (Kyōzō): the Sutta Pitaka, one of the three divisions of the Tripitaka
  3. collective term for Buddhist literature including sutras in general
[noun](Buddhism, by extension of reading sutras) a Buddhist service or rite
[noun]a scripture (in religions other than Buddhism)
[proper noun]a surname
[proper noun]a unisex given name
5
[noun]entertainment; pleasure; interest
6
[noun]hometown
[noun]village
[noun]country home, village, countryside
6
S
[noun]ill fortune
S
J
[noun](honorific title) Sir, Lord
J
H
[noun]chivalrous spirit (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
H
H
H
(This term, きょう, is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi きょう, not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading きょう.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1957, Yutaka Tsuchihashi, Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 3: Kodai Kayōshū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  5. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1998) The Gem-Glistening Cup, illustrated edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 61
  6. ^ Kojima, Noriyuki; Arai Eizō (1989) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 5: Kokin Wakashū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  7. ^ Sōchō; H. Mack Horton (2002) The Journal of Sōchō, illustrated edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 209