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U+537F, 卿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-537F

[U+537E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5380]
卿 U+2F831, 卿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F831
卽
[U+2F830]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 卿
[U+2F832]
卿 U+2F832, 卿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F832
卿
[U+2F831]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 卿
[U+2F833]
卿 U+2F833, 卿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F833
卿
[U+2F832]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𠨬
[U+2F834]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 26, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹日戈中 (HHAIL), four-corner 77720, composition𠂎)

  1. noble, high officer

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 160, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2877
  • Dae Jaweon: page 366, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 318, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+537F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
卿-oracle.svg 卿-bronze.svg 卿-seal.svg 卿-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰraŋ): semantic (two men facing each other) + phonetic (OC *pqrɯɡ, *pqrɯb, *krɯb, *qʰaŋ, food vessel with a stand) – people engaged in ritual feasting (Yang, 1965). The character was once indistinguishable from (OC *qʰaŋ); see the Glyph origin section there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hing1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰraŋ/
English minister (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13607
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰraŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) high official; minister
  2. (historical) honorific term of address
  3. (imperial, historical) term of address used by emperors toward ministers
  4. (archaic) term of endearment used between spouses
  5. Synonym of (qìng, “auspicious”). Used in 卿雲卿云 (qīngyún, “auspicious clouds”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きょう) (kyō

  1. (honorific title) Sir, Lord
    ()()(こう)(とく)(がわ)(より)(ふさ)(きょう)
    Mito Kō, Tokugawa Yorifusa Kyō
    Lord Tokugawa Yorifusa, Marquis of Mito
    ウインストン・チャーチル(きょう)
    Uinsuton Chāchiru Kyō
    Sir Winston Churchill

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰˠiæŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 겨ᇰ (kyeng) (Yale: kyeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 벼슬 (byeoseul gyeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (noble).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: khanh
: Nôm readings: khành

  1. (imperial) chữ Hán form of khanh (you). (used by royalty to refer to inferior)