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U+537F, 卿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-537F

[U+537E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5380]
卿 U+2F831, 卿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F831
卽
[U+2F830]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 卿
[U+2F832]
卿 U+2F832, 卿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F832
卿
[U+2F831]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 卿
[U+2F833]
卿 U+2F833, 卿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F833
卿
[U+2F832]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𠨬
[U+2F834]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 26, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹日戈中 (HHAIL), four-corner 77720, composition𠂎)

  1. noble, high officer

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 160, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2877
  • Dae Jaweon: page 366, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 318, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+537F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
卿-oracle.svg 卿-bronze.svg 卿-seal.svg 卿-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰraŋ): semantic (two men facing each other) + phonetic (OC *pqrɯɡ, *pqrɯb, *krɯb, *qʰaŋ, food vessel with a stand) – people engaged in ritual feasting (Yang, 1965). The character was once indistinguishable from (OC *qʰaŋ); see the Glyph origin section there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hing1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰraŋ/
English minister (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13607
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰraŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. noble, high officer

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きょう) (kyō

  1. (honorific title) Sir, Lord

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰˠiæŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 겨ᇰ (Yale: kyeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 벼슬 (byeoseul gyeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (noble).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: khanh
: Nôm readings: khành

  1. Hán tự form of khanh (you). (used by royalty to refer to inferior)