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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意) : A man riding a horse. The horse is now .

Original form of (to ride). Current meaning by sound loan.

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大一弓口 (KMNR), four-corner 40621, composition)

  1. odd, uneven
  2. odd, uncommon, strange, peculiar, unusual

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (uncommon):

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 250, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5892
  • Dae Jaweon: page 510, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 533, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5947
  • Richard Sears (accessed 2014-03-17), “奇”, in Chinese Etymology[1] (in English/Mandarin)

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/ 稀~
/t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/ ~怪
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰei²¹/
Nanning /kʰi²¹/
Hong Kong /kʰei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ki⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²¹/
/kyɛ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi³¹/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gje › /*N-k(r)aj/ strange

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9997 1 /*ɡral/

Adjective[edit]

  1. strange, odd, weird, unusual
      ―  guài  ―  strange
      ―    ―  peculiar
  2. wonderful, fantastic, remarkable
    /   ―    ―  miracle
      ―  miào  ―  fantastic

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/ 稀~
/t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/ ~怪
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰei²¹/
Nanning /kʰi²¹/
Hong Kong /kʰei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ki⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²¹/
/kyɛ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi³¹/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kje › /*[k](r)aj/ odd (number)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9973 1 /*kral/ 說文從大可,戴侗從立可聲,古踦字

Adjective[edit]

  1. odd (numbers)
    /   ―  shù  ―  odd number
  2. (literary) unsmooth; disadvantageous

Noun[edit]

  1. (literary) surplus

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. strange

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki) or ‎(ui) (hangeul , revised Yi, McCune-Reischauer Yi) : 기특할 기, 의지할 의

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kỳ, cả, , )

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