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U+6E20, 渠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E20

[U+6E1F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E21]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水尸木 (ESD), four-corner 31904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 633, character 48
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17764
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1040, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1645, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6E20

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠍲 pronoun
pronoun (dialectal)
pronoun (S. Sixian Hakka; Shanghainese)
second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
渠-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaʔ
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ, *ɡas
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*kʷaʔ
*kʷaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡa): semantic  (water) + abbreviated phonetic  (OC *kʷaʔ).

Etymology[edit]

“ditch; canal; drain”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ka ~ *k(r)a (path; way; channel; ditch); probably the same word as (OC *ɡʷa, “passage”) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan རྐ (rka, gutter; channel; furrow).
third-person pronoun
Attested since 4th to 5th century CE, preserved in many central and southern dialects (Schuessler, 2007). See .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)a/
English canal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡa/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ditch; canal; drain
    /   ―    ―  drainage services
  2. big; huge
  3. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • keoi5, heoi5 - vernacular (most commonly written as );
  • keoi4 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or dialectal) third-person pronoun; he, she, it
      源頭活水 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      源头活水 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: c. 12th century, 朱熹 (Zhu Xi), 觀書有感
      Wèn nǎ dé qīng rú xǔ, wèi yǒu yuántóu huóshuǐ lái. [Pinyin]
      [I want to] ask it [the pond] why it can be so clear. It is because running water continuously flows in.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“he”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Shenyang
    Hailar
    Ulan Hot
    Tongliao
    Chifeng
    Bayanhot
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 他家
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Kunming
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Nantong
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou
    Baochang
    Jining
    Hohhot
    Baotou
    Dongsheng
    Linhe
    Haibowan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Tangxi 渠儂
    Ningbo 渠儂
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): きょ (kyo)
    • Kun: みぞ (mizo, ); かれ (kare, ); なんぞ (nanzo, 渠ぞ)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geo) (hangeul , revised geo, McCune–Reischauer kŏ, Yale ke)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: cừ, gừa, khờ, cự

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.