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U+4F57, 佗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F57

[U+4F56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F58]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人十心 (OJP), four-corner 23211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 513
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 139, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F57

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
佗-silk.svg 佗-seal.svg 佗-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːl): semantic (human) + phonetic (OC *l̥ʰaːl).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/da/
Li
Rong
/dɑ/
Wang
Li
/dɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuó
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12224
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'aːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (tuó, “to carry on one's back”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰa/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑ/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuō
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tuō
Middle
Chinese
‹ tha ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˁaj/
English other

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12208
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of ().
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Probably from (Yang, 2002):

  • taita (→ taʔ);
  • tueto (→ toʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hokkien) which
Synonyms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hokkien) where
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to add; to impute

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 委佗, alternative form of 委蛇 (wēiyí).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): (ta)
  • Kun: ほか (hoka, ); わびる (wabiru, 佗びる)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (ta))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: đà

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]