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U+82E5, 若
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82E5

[U+82E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82E6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口 (TKR), four-corner 44604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
若-oracle.svg 若-bronze.svg 若-silk.svg 若-bigseal.svg 若-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nja, *njaʔ, *njaɡ
*nja, *nje, *n̥ʰaɡ
*njaʔ, *njaɡ
*naːɡ
*hnaːɡ, *n̥ʰaɡ
*naɡ
*naɡ, *rnaːɡ
*njaɡ
*njaɡ
*njaɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a person combing their hair; obedient.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • na - vernacular (“if”);
  • ngiâ - literary.
Note:
  • nâ - vernacular (“if”);
  • iŏk - literary.
Note:
  • ná - vernacular (“like; as if”);
  • nā/nǎ - vernacular (“if”);
  • lio̍k/jio̍k/jia̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/ʐuo⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
Xi'an /vo²¹/
Xining /u²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
Lanzhou /və¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /zo³¹/
Guiyang /zo²¹/
Kunming /ʐo³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
Xiangtan /io²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
/zioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (38)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ruò ruò
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyak › ‹ nyak ›
Old
Chinese
/*nak/ /*nak/
English you agree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 10929 10940
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nja/ /*njaɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be obedient to; compliant
  2. to trim vegetables
  3. to choose
  4. you; your
  5. he; his
  6. like; as if
    無人 / 无人  ―  pángruòwúrén  ―  as if no one is nearby
  7. if; supposing; assuming
    有情天亦老  ―  Tiān ruò yǒu qíng tiān yì lǎo.  ―  If Heaven had feelings, heaven too would grow old.
  8. in this way
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (38)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiaX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiaX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 10932
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hay; dried grass
  2. Used in certain compounds.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. young
  2. if

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana わか, romaji waka)

  1. "my lord" (towards a young master or a young heir)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yak, ya)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: yak, ya, McCune-Reischauer: yak, ya, Yale: yak, ya)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhược, nhã)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.