Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口 (TKR), four-corner 44604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
若-oracle.svg 若-bronze.svg 若-silk.svg 若-bigseal.svg 若-seal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/ʐuo⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
Xi'an /vo²¹/
Xining /u²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
Lanzhou /və¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /zo³¹/
Guiyang /zo²¹/
Kunming /ʐo³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
Xiangtan /io²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
/zioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (38) (38) (38)
Final () (100) (100) (107)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵia/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵia/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑia/ /ȵʑiaX/ /ȵʑiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵia/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵia/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭa/ /ȵʑĭaX/ /ȵʑĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯a/ /ȵʑi̯aX/ /ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ruò ruò
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyak › ‹ nyak ›
Old
Chinese
/*nak/ /*nak/
English you agree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 10929 10932 10940
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nja/ /*njaʔ/ /*njaɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. if, supposing, assuming
    有情天亦老  ―  Tiān ruò yǒu qíng tiān yì lǎo.  ―  If Heaven had feelings, heaven too would grow old.
    終於紙船 盤旋千百 [Literary Cantonese, trad.]
    终于纸船 盘旋千百 [Literary Cantonese, simp.]
    From: 許冠傑, 紙船
    joek6 taa1 zung1 jyu1 gin3 zek3 zi2 syun4; pun4 syun4 mung6 leoi5 cin1 baak3 zyun2 [Jyutping]
    If she finally sees the paper boat / spiraling in dreams
  2. young
  3. you
  4. as if
  5. in this way
  6. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. young
  2. if

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana わか, romaji waka)

  1. "my lord" (towards a young master or a young heir)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yak, ya)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: yak, ya, McCune-Reischauer: yak, ya, Yale: yak, ya)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhược, nhã)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.