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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
若-oracle.svg 若-bronze.svg 若-silk.svg 若-bigseal.svg 若-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口 (TKR), four-corner 44604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/ʐuo⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
Xi'an /vo²¹/
Xining /u²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
Lanzhou /və¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /zo³¹/
Guiyang /zo²¹/
Kunming /ʐo³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
Xiangtan /io²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
/zioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziɔk̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (38)
Final: (100)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ré
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵia/ /ȵia/ /ȵʑia/ /ȵia/ /ȵia/ /ȵʑĭa/ /ȵʑi̯a/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (38)
Final: (100)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: rě
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵʑiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵʑĭaX/ /ȵʑi̯aX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (38)
Final: (107)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ruò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵɨɐk̚/ /ȵiɐk̚/ /ȵʑiɑk̚/ /ȵɨak̚/ /ȵiak̚/ /ȵʑĭak̚/ /ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ruò ‹ nyak › /*nak/ you
ruò ‹ nyak › /*nak/ agree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10929 0 /*nja/
10932 0 /*njaʔ/
10940 0 /*njaɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. if, supposing, assuming
  2. young
  3. you
  4. as if
  5. in this way
  6. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. young
  2. if

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana わか, romaji waka)

  1. "my lord" (towards a young master or a young heir)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yak, ya)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: yak, ya, McCune-Reischauer: yak, ya, Yale: yak, ya)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhược, nhã)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.