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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

若-oracle.svg 若-bronze.svg 若-bigseal.svg 若-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口 (TKR), four-corner 44604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82E5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (若), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 人賒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵia/ /ȵʑi̯a/ /ȵia/ /ȵia/ /ȵia/ /ȵʑĭa/ /ȵʑia/
Character (若), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 人者切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiaX/ /ȵʑi̯aX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵʑĭaX/ /ȵʑiaX/
Character (若), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 而灼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨɐk̚/ /ȵʑi̯ak̚/ /ȵiak̚/ /ȵiɐk̚/ /ȵɨak̚/ /ȵʑĭak̚/ /ȵʑiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ruò ‹ nyak › /*nak/ you
ruò ‹ nyak › /*nak/ agree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10929 0 /*nja/
10932 0 /*njaʔ/
10940 0 /*njaɡ/ 叒加口轉註

Definitions[edit]

  1. if, supposing, assuming
    終於紙船盤旋千百 [Literary Cantonese, trad.]
    终于纸船盘旋千百 [Literary Cantonese, simp.]
    From: Samuel Hui, "紙船"
    joek6 ji1 zung1 jyu1 gin3 zek3 zi2 syun4, pun4 syun4 mung6 lei5 cin1 baak3 zyun2 [Jyutping]
    If she finally sees the paper boat / spiraling in dreams
  2. young
  3. you
  4. as if
    旁若無人旁若无人 (“to selfishly do what one wants without regard to other people's wishes”) (literally "as if no one is by one's side")
  5. in this way
  6. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. young
  2. if

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana わか, romaji waka)

  1. "my lord" (towards a young master or a young heir)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yak, ya)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: yak, ya, McCune-Reischauer: yak, ya, Yale: yak, ya)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhược, nhã)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.