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U+82E5, 若
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82E5

[U+82E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82E6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口 (TKR), four-corner 44604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
若-oracle.svg 若-bronze.svg 若-silk.svg 若-seal.svg 若-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nja, *njaʔ, *njaɡ
*nja, *nje, *n̥ʰaɡ
*njaʔ, *njaɡ
*naːɡ
*hnaːɡ, *n̥ʰaɡ
*naɡ
*naɡ, *rnaːɡ
*njaɡ
*njaɡ
*njaɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a person combing their hair; obedient.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • na - vernacular (“if”);
  • ngiâ - literary.
Note:
  • nâ - vernacular (“if”);
  • iŏk - literary.
Note:
  • ná - vernacular (“like; as if”);
  • nā/nǎ - vernacular (“if”);
  • lio̍k/jio̍k/jia̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/ʐuo⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
Xi'an /vo²¹/
Xining /u²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
Lanzhou /və¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /zo³¹/
Guiyang /zo²¹/
Kunming /ʐo³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
/ȵa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
Xiangtan /io²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
/zioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (38)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ruò ruò
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyak › ‹ nyak ›
Old
Chinese
/*nak/ /*nak/
English you agree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 10940
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be obedient to; compliant
  2. to trim vegetables
  3. to choose
  4. you; your
  5. he; his
  6. like; as if
    無人 / 无人  ―  pángruòwúrén  ―  as if no one is nearby
  7. if; supposing; assuming
    有情天亦老  ―  Tiān ruò yǒu qíng tiān yì lǎo.  ―  If Heaven had feelings, Heaven too would grow old.
  8. in this way
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (38)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiaX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiaX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 10932
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hay; dried grass
  2. Used in certain compounds.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (38)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵia/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵia/
Li
Rong
/ȵia/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nja/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Placename in Sichuan.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. young
  2. if

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana わか, rōmaji waka)

  1. "my lord" (towards a young master or a young heir)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yak, ya)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhược, nhã)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.