Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
向-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(house) +  ‎(window)

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月口 (HBR), four-corner 27220, composition丿)

  1. toward
  2. direction
  3. trend
  4. shortly before, formerly
  5. a surname

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 176, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3301
  • Dae Jaweon: page 393, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 579, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5411

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (26)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨɐŋH/ /ɕi̯aŋH/ /ɕiaŋH/ /ɕiɐŋH/ /ɕɨaŋH/ /ɕĭaŋH/ /ɕiɑŋH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐŋH/ /xi̯aŋH/ /xiaŋH/ /hiɐŋH/ /hɨaŋH/ /xĭaŋH/ /xiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiàng ‹ xjangH › /*n̥ aŋ-s/ window facing North; turn towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13658 0 /*hljaŋs/
13660 0 /*hlaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. yonder
  2. facing

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むかい, romaji Mukai)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hướng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.