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See also: , , , and
U+5411, 向
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5411

[U+5410]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5412]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月口 (HBR), four-corner 27220, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 176, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3301
  • Dae Jaweon: page 393, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 579, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5411

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
向-oracle.svg 向-bronze.svg 向-silk.svg 向-seal.svg 向-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hljaŋʔ
*hljaŋs
*hljaŋs, *hlaŋs
*hljaŋs, *hlaŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (house) +  (window).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • hiòng/hiàng - literary;
  • hiàⁿ/ǹg/àⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋ-s/
English window facing North; turn towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13660
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlaŋs/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to face
  2. to side with; to favour; to discriminate in favour of
  3. to admire; to revere
  4. to approach; to advance towards
  5. direction
  6. (figuratively) direction; tendency; trend
  7. towards; to
  8. formerly; previously
  9. always; throughout
Synonyms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13658
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋs/
Definitions[edit]

  1. an ancient state in modern Shandong
  2. name of two places in modern Henan
  3. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“toward; facing; against; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“in the near past; in the past; facing; against; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. yonder
  2. facing

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana むかい, rōmaji Mukai, historical hiragana むかひ)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune–Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.