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U+5411, 向
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5411

[U+5410]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5412]
See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
向-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月口 (HBR), four-corner 27220, composition丿)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 176, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3301
  • Dae Jaweon: page 393, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 579, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5411

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
向-oracle.svg 向-bronze.svg 向-silk.svg 向-bigseal.svg 向-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hljaŋʔ
*hljaŋs
*hljaŋs, *hlaŋs
*hljaŋs, *hlaŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (house) + (window).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiòng/hiàng - literary;
  • hiàⁿ/ǹg/àⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (32)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋH/ /hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋH/ /hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋH/ /xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋH/ /hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋH/ /xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋH/ /xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋH/ /xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàng xiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋ-s/
English window facing North; turn towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13658 13660
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋs/ /*hlaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to face
  2. to side with; to favour; to discriminate in favour of
  3. to admire; to revere
  4. to approach; to advance towards
  5. direction
  6. (figuratively) direction; tendency; trend
  7. towards; to
  8. formerly; previously
  9. always; throughout
  10. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. yonder
  2. facing

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むかい, romaji Mukai)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.