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See also:
U+66CF, 曏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66CF

[U+66CE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66D0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日女竹中 (AVHL), four-corner 60227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 500, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1534, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+66CF

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
曏-bigseal.svg 曏-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰjaŋʔ, *qʰjaŋs, *qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋʔ
*qʰaŋʔ
*qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*kʰraŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰjaŋʔ, *qʰjaŋs, *qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qʰaŋ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 4/4
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋX/ /hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋX/ /hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋX/ /xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋX/ /hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋX/ /xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋX/ /xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋX/ /xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎng xiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎng xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjangX › ‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋʔ/ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-) /*n̥aŋʔ-s/ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)
English a short time a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
No. 13603 13604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋʔ/ /*qʰaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. in the near past; in the past
  2. facing; against

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4 3/4
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋX/ /ɕɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋX/ /ɕiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋX/ /ɕiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋX/ /ɕɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋX/ /ɕiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǎng shàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǎng shàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syangX › ‹ syangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋʔ/ /*n̥aŋ-s/
English a short time a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
No. 13594 13595
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjaŋʔ/ /*qʰjaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. short period of time

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. once upon time
  2. period of time

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. lean towards
  2. advance
  3. see, look at

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.