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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日女竹中 (AVHL), four-corner 60227, composition)

  1. once upon a time
  2. period of time
  3. toward
  4. direction
  5. trend
  6. shortly before, formerly
  7. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 500, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1534, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+66CF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
曏-bigseal.svg 曏-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (32) (26) (26) (32)
Final () (105) (105) (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋX/ /ɕɨɐŋX/ /ɕɨɐŋH/ /hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋX/ /ɕiɐŋX/ /ɕiɐŋH/ /hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋX/ /ɕiɑŋX/ /ɕiɑŋH/ /xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋX/ /ɕɨaŋX/ /ɕɨaŋH/ /hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋX/ /ɕiaŋX/ /ɕiaŋH/ /xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋH/ /xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋH/ /xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xǎng shǎng shàng xàng
  • Old Chinese
    (Baxter-Sagart): /*n̥aŋʔ/, /*n̥aŋ-s/, /*n̥aŋʔ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)/, /*n̥aŋʔ-s (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)/
    (Zhengzhang): /*qʰjaŋʔ/, /*qʰjaŋs/, /*qʰaŋʔ/, /*qʰaŋs/
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǎng shàng xiǎng xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syangX › ‹ syangH › ‹ xjangX › ‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋʔ/ /*n̥aŋ-s/ /*n̥aŋʔ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)/ /*n̥aŋʔ-s (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)/
English a short time a short time a short time a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 13594 13595 13603 13604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjaŋʔ/ /*qʰjaŋs/ /*qʰaŋʔ/ /*qʰaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. once upon time
  2. period of time

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. lean towards
  2. advance
  3. see, look at

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hướng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.