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U+4EAE, 亮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EAE

[U+4EAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EAF]
U+F977, 亮
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F977

[U+F976]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F978]
See also: 𠅙

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
亮-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 8 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月山 (YRBU), four-corner 00217, composition ⿱⿳(GV) or ⿱⿳(HTJK))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 89, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 304
  • Dae Jaweon: page 188, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 286, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EAE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠅙

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raŋs): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *kraŋ, building; tower).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • liōng - literary;
    • liāng - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /liɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /liaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /liɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /liaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /liaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /liaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /liaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /liɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /liɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /liɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /liɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /niaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /niaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /niaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /liã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /liaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /liɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /liɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /liɑŋ³⁵/
/luə³⁵/
Hohhot /liɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /liã²³/
Suzhou /liã³¹/
Hangzhou /liɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /li²²/
Hui Shexian /lia²²/
Tunxi /liau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lian⁵⁵/
/lian¹¹/
Xiangtan /nian²¹/
Gan Nanchang /liɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /lioŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /lioŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lœŋ²²/
Nanning /lœŋ²²/
Hong Kong /lœŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɔŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /liɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /liaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /liaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/liaŋH/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]aŋ-s/
English brightness

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bright; brilliant; radiant
  2. loud and clear
  3. (dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Wu, Xiang) lamp; light
  4. to shine; to illuminate
    天色 星星 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    From: 張露 (lyricist 秦冠), 《小小羊兒要回家》
    tiānsè yǐ àn la; xīngxing yě liàng la [Pinyin]
    The sky has already darkened, and the stars have begun to show
  5. to make one's voice loud and clear; to raise one's voice
  6. to reveal; to disclose

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“bright”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. clear
  2. help

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 95
  • Halpern: 2071
  • Halpern Learners: 1313
  • Heisig: 2920
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2j7.6
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana りょう, rōmaji Ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana あきら, rōmaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryang) (hangeul , revised ryang, McCune-Reischauer ryang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lượng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]