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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
火-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a bottom Chinese radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火 (F), four-corner 90800)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1073, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2187, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+706B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
火-oracle.svg 火-bronze.svg 火-silk.svg 火-bigseal.svg 火-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of a fire.

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mej.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/huɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaX/
Li
Rong
/xuɑX/
Wang
Li
/xuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwaX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[qʷʰ]ˤəjʔ/
English fire

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5540
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷaːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fire, flame
  2. anger, rage
  3. angry, furious
  4. temper
  5. to become enraged
  6. urgently
  7. (TCM) internal heat
  8. fiery
  9. thriving, brisk
  10. to become popular, to go viral

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fire

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(hi, ho, fu, ka): fire.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /hi2/: [pɨ] > [ɸɨ] > [ɸi] > [çi].[1]

Possibly a later development from older form ho (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. a fire; flames
  2. a light
  3. heat
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /ho/: [po] > [ɸo] > [ho].[1]

Only used in compounds, whereas hi (see above) appears even in ancient texts as a standalone term. Probably the oldest form. Possibly cognate with Korean ‎(bul, fire).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ho)

  1. a fire
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ancient dialect form in eastern Japan.[1] Found in compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. a fire
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

火(か): fire in the Wu Xing system
火(か): Antares in the Scorpio constellation
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(xwaX).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. fire
  2. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia
  3. under the old Ritsuryō system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
Idioms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji Ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. Tuesday
  2. Antares, in the constellation Scorpio
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwa, McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bul, McCune-Reischauer: pul, Yale: pul)
  1. fire

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hwa) ‎(hangeul )

  1. fire
  2. anger
  3. (as an abbreviation) Tuesday

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Tuesday): 화요일 (hwayoil, “Tuesday”)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoả, , )

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