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U+706B, 火
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-706B

[U+706A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+706C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
火-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a bottom Chinese radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火 (F), four-corner 90800)

  1. Kangxi radical #86, (fire).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1073, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2187, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+706B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
火-oracle.svg 火-bronze.svg 火-silk.svg 火-bigseal.svg 火-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːlʔ
*qʰʷaːlʔ
*qʰʷaːlʔ

Pictogram (象形) – pictographic representation of a fire.

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mej.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huōi - colloquial;
  • huō - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/huɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaX/
Li
Rong
/xuɑX/
Wang
Li
/xuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwaX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[qʷʰ]ˤəjʔ/
English fire

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5540
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷaːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fire; flame
  2. fire (as a disaster); inferno
  3. red; fiery; bright; brilliant
  4. to burn down
  5. light; torch
  6. anger; rage; wrath
  7. to become enraged
  8. angry; furious
  9. (TCM) internal heat
  10. firearm; ammunition; weapon
  11. war; warfare
  12. thriving; brisk
  13. urgent; pressing
  14. (neologism) to become popular; to go viral
  15. Short for 火星 (Huǒxīng, “Mars”).

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fire

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(hi, ho, fu, ka): fire.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /hi2/: [pɨ] > [ɸɨ] > [ɸi] > [çi].[1]

Possibly a later development from older form ho (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. a fire; flames
  2. a light
  3. heat
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /ho/: [po] > [ɸo] > [ho].[1]

Only used in compounds, whereas hi (see above) appears even in ancient texts as a standalone term. Probably the oldest form. Possibly cognate with Korean (bul, fire).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ho)

  1. a fire
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ancient dialect form in eastern Japan.[1] Found in compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. a fire
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

火(か): fire in the Wu Xing system
火(か): Antares in the Scorpio constellation
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (xwaX).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. fire
  2. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia
  3. under the old Ritsuryō system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
Idioms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji Ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. Tuesday
  2. Antares, in the constellation Scorpio
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwa, McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bul, McCune-Reischauer: pul, Yale: pul)
  1. fire

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hwa) ‎(hangeul )

  1. fire
  2. anger
  3. (as an abbreviation) Tuesday

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Tuesday): 화요일 (hwayoil, “Tuesday”)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.