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U+706B, 火
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-706B

[U+706A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+706C]
U+2F55, ⽕
KANGXI RADICAL FIRE

[U+2F54]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F56]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
火-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a bottom Chinese radical)

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes

(radical 86, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火 (F), four-corner 90800, composition ⿻⿰丿丿(GJKV) or ⿻(HT))

  1. Kangxi radical #86, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1073, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2187, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+706B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
火-oracle.svg 火-bronze.svg 火-bronze-spring.svg 火-silk.svg 火-slip.svg 火-seal.svg 火-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – pictographic representation of a fire.

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mej (Schuessler 2007; STEDT). However, see there for phonological problems.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huōi - colloquial;
  • huō - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hé/hér/hóe - vernacular;
    • hóⁿ - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /huɑX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /huɑX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xuɑX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwaX/
    Li
    Rong
    /xuɑX/
    Wang
    Li
    /xuɑX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xuɑX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huǒ
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fo2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huǒ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xwaX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[qʷʰ]ˁəjʔ/
    English fire

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5540
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰʷaːlʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fire; flame
      可以一個 [MSC, trad.]
      可以一个 [MSC, simp.]
      Kěyǐ gēn nǐ jiè yīge huǒ ma? [Pinyin]
      Can I borrow a light?
    2. fire (as a disaster); inferno
    3. red; fiery; bright; brilliant
    4. to burn down
    5. light; torch
    6. (dialectal) light; lamp
    7. anger; rage; wrath
    8. to become enraged
    9. angry; furious
    10. (traditional Chinese medicine) internal heat
    11. firearm; ammunition; weapon
    12. war; warfare
    13. thriving; brisk
    14. urgent; pressing
    15. (neologism) to become popular; to go viral
    16. (Cantonese) watt (unit of power)
      20燈膽 / 20灯胆 [Cantonese]  ―  20 fo2 ge3 dang1 daam2 [Jyutping]  ―  20-watt lightbulb
    17. Short for 火星 (Huǒxīng, “Mars”).
    18. (Cantonese) roasted
      Synonyms: (kǎo), (shāo)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  fo2 aap3 [Jyutping]  ―  roasted duck

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (ka)
    • Korean: (, hwa)
    • Vietnamese: hoả ()

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (hi, ho, ka): fire.
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨pi2 → */pʷɨ//ɸi//hi/

    From Old Japanese,[1] from Proto-Japonic *poy.

    Apophonic form of ho (see below), possibly by fusion with emphatic particle (i). Compare the development of (ko → ki, tree).

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (hi

    1. term relating to fire:
      1. a flame
        Synonyms: 火気 (kaki), ファイア (faia), (honō)
      2. cooking fire
      3. a firestarter
      4. sparks
      5. light (matches or lighter)
        ()()してもらえる?
        Hi o kashite moraeru?
        Can I borrow a light?
      6. heat
        Synonyms: 火熱 (kanetsu), (netsu)
      7. a conflagration
        Synonyms: 火災 (kasai), 火事 (kaji)
      8. a signal fire
        Synonym: 狼煙 (noroshi)
    2. (by extension) a light
    3. a burning passion
    4. menstruation
      Synonym: 月経 (gekkei)
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /po//ɸo//ho/

    From Old Japanese.[1]

    Combining form of hi above. Probably the oldest form, possibly cognate with Korean (bul, fire).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (ho

    1. a fire
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    (ka): fire in the Wu Xing system
    (Ka): Antares in the Scorpio constellation
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /kwa//ka/

    From Middle Chinese (MC huɑX).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (kaくわ (kwa)?

    1. a fire
    2. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see Wikipedia-logo.svg Wu Xing on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
    3. (historical) under the old 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
      Synonym: 分隊 (buntai)
    4. Short for 火曜日 (kayōbi): Tuesday
    Derived terms[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    () (kaくわ (kwa)?

    1. fire
    2. light
    3. burning
    4. passion
    5. imminently
    6. explosive

    Proper noun[edit]

    () (Kaくわ (kwa)?

    1. Antares, in the constellation Scorpio
      Synonyms: アンタレス (Antaresu), 大火 (Taika)

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC huɑX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 황〯 (Yale: hwǎ)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 블〮 (Yale: púl) 화〯 (Yale: hwǎ)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (in 화요 (火曜, hwayo)):
    • (fire; anger; etc.):
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɸwa̠(ː)]
      • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
        • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (bul hwa))

    1. Hanja form? of (fire; heat). [affix]
    2. Hanja form? of (anger). [noun]
    3. Hanja form? of ((as an abbreviation) Mars).
    4. Hanja form? of (Short for 화요일(火曜日) (hwayoil, Tuesday).).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Proto-Japonic *poy.

    Apophonic form of po (see below), possibly by fusion with emphatic particle (i(2)).

    Compare the development of (ko2 → ki2, tree).

    Noun[edit]

    (pi2) (kana )

    1. a fire
      • 711712, Kojiki (poem 24)
        佐泥佐斯佐賀牟能袁怒邇毛由流能本那迦邇多知弖斗比斯岐美波母
        sanesasi Sagamu no2 wono1 ni mo1yuru pi2 no2 ponaka ni tatite to1pi1si ki1mi1 pa mo2
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    2. (by extension) a light
    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Combining form of pi2 above, probably the older form.

    Noun[edit]

    (po) (kana )

    1. a fire
    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (ho)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Appears in only one poem in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 C.E.) as a compound, see derived term 葦火 (asipu).

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Eastern OJP variant of hypothetical *⟨po2?”)

    Noun[edit]

    (pu) (kana )

    1. (regional, Central Eastern Old Japanese) a fire
    Derived terms[edit]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: hỏa/hoả[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: hỏa/hoả[2][3][4][5], ỏa/oả[1]

    1. Hán tự form of hoả (fire).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]