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From Middle English jalousie, from Old French jalousie, see jealous, -y. Doublet of jalousie. Related also to zeal, zealous.


  • IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛləsi/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: jeal‧ous‧y


jealousy (countable and uncountable, plural jealousies)

  1. (uncountable) A state of suspicious guarding towards a spouse, lover etc., from fears of infidelity.
  2. (countable) A resentment towards someone for a perceived advantage or superiority they hold.
    • 1907, Charles J. Archard, The Portland Peerage Romance:
      Jealousy was, however, aroused among the English nobility at the favouritism shown the Dutch newcomer.
  3. Envy towards another's possessions
    • 1891, Louis Antoine Fauvelet De Bourrienne, translated by R. W. Phipps, Memoirs Of Napoleon Bonaparte:
      [] the jealousy of his foes of each other's share in the booty [].
  4. (archaic) A close concern for someone or something, solicitude, vigilance.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, “vij”, in Le Morte Darthur, book VIII:
      For euer I supoosed that he had ben to yonge and to tendyr to take vpon hym these aduentures / And therfore by my wille I wold haue dryuen hym aweye for Ialousy that I had of his lyf / for it maye be no yong knyghtes dede that shal enchyeue this aduenture to the ende
      (please add an English translation of this quote)



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