English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from envie Old French , from envie Latin invidia ( “ envy ” ), from invidere ( “ to look at with malice ” ) from in + videre ("on, upon" + "to look, see"). Displaced native Middle English ande, onde ( “ envy ” ) (from Old English anda, onda ( “ breath, emotion, envy, hatred, grudge, dislike ” )), Middle English nithe, nith ( “ envy, malice ” ) (from Old English nīþ ( “ envy, hatred, malice, spite, jealousy ” )).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
envy ( , countable and uncountable plural ) envies
Resentful desire of something possessed by another or others (but not limited to material possessions). [from 13
John Milton (1608-1674)
No bliss enjoyed by us excites his
Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
Envy, to which the ignoble mind's a slave, / Is emulation in the learned or brave.
1914, Louis Joseph Vance, , Nobody chapter I:
Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence. She devoured with more avidity than she had her food those pretentiously phrased chronicles of the snobocracy
[… ] distilling therefrom an acid envy that robbed her napoleon of all its savour.
1983, Stanley Rosen, Plato’s Sophist, page 66:
Theodorus assures Socrates that no envy will prevent the Stranger from responding An object of envious notice or feeling.
Thomas Macaulay (1800-1859)
This constitution in former days used to be the
envy of the world.
( obsolete ) Hatred, enmity, ill-feeling. [14
1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter lij, in , book X:
Le Morte Darthur
Syre said laūcelot vnto Arthur by this crye that ye haue made ye wyll put vs that ben aboute yow in grete Ieopardy / for there be many Knyghtes that haue grete
enuye to vs / therfore whan we shal mete at the daye of Iustes there wille be hard skyfte amonge vs
1598, William Shakespeare, : Henry IV, Part 1
But let me tell the World, / If he out-liue the enuie of this day, / England did neuer owe so sweet a hope, / So much misconstrued in his Wantonnesse.
( obsolete ) Emulation; rivalry.
John Ford (1586-c.1639)
Such as cleanliness and decency / Prompt to a virtuous
( obsolete ) Public odium; ill repute.
Ben Jonson (1572-1637)
to lay the
envy of the war upon Cicero
Translations [ edit ]
resentful desire of something possessed by another
pavỹdas (lt) m Maori:
, tarahae , harawene , pūhaehae , wenerau pūngaengae Navajo:
misunnelse (no) m Nynorsk:
misunning f Old English:
ofest , f ofestnes , f æfestung , f anda , m hete , m niþ m Persian:
حسادت (fa) ( hesâdat ), رشک (fa) ( rašk ), حسد (fa) ( hasad ) Polish:
zazdrość (pl) f Portuguese:
inveja (pt) , f ciumes m Romanian:
invidie (ro) f Russian:
за́висть (ru) f ( závistʹ ) Scottish Gaelic:
farmad , m eud m Serbo-Croatian:
завист , f љубомора , f јал m Roman:
závist (sh) , f ljubòmora (sh) , f jal (sh) m Slovak:
závisť f Slovene:
zavist f Spanish:
envidia (es) f Swedish:
avund (sv) Telugu:
ఈర్ష్య (te) ( īrṣya ), ఈసు (te) ( īsu ), అసూయ (te) ( asūya ) Thai:
ความริษยา ( ความริษยา ), ความอิจฉา ( kwaam ìtchăa ) Turkish:
envy ( third-person singular simple present , envies present participle , envying simple past and past participle ) envied
( transitive ) To feel displeasure or hatred towards (someone) for their good fortune or possessions. [from 14th c.]
( obsolete , intransitive ) To have envious feelings (at). [15th-18th c.]
1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], , Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, The Anatomy of Melancholy :, II.3.3:
I do not
envy at their wealth, titles, offices; [… ] let me live quiet and at ease. Jeremy Taylor:
envy at the prosperity of the wicked?
( obsolete , transitive ) To give (something) to (someone) grudgingly or reluctantly; to begrudge. [16th-18th c.]
1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.v:
But that sweet Cordiall, which can restore / A loue-sick hart, she did to him
( obsolete ) To show malice or ill will; to rail.
[… ] envied against the people.
( obsolete ) To do harm to; to injure; to disparage.
If I make a lie / To gain your love and
envy my best mistress, / Put me against a wall.
( obsolete ) To hate.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Marlowe to this entry?)
( obsolete ) To emulate.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
Translations [ edit ]
to feel displeasure towards (someone) because of their good fortune, possessions
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
Related terms [ edit ]