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From in + videō (see, observe; understand).



present active invideō, present infinitive invidēre, perfect active invīdī, supine invīsum

  1. (transitive, intransitive) I look askance or maliciously at, cast an evil eye upon.
  2. (figuratively) I am prejudiced against someone or influenced by prejudice.
    1. (by extension) I am unwilling or loath; begrudge; refuse, deny; hinder, prevent.
      • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.154–157
        hoc tamen amborum verbis estote rogati,
        o multum miseri meus illiusque parentes,
        ut, quos certus amor, quos hora novissima iunxit,
        conponi tumulo non invideatis eodem
        Wretched parents of Pyramus and Thisbe, listen to us,
        Listen to both our prayers, do not begrudge us,
        Whom death has joined, Iying at last together
        In the same tomb.
    2. (by extension) I envy; emulate, aspire to rival.
      • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 5.657–659
        barbarus invidit tantique ut muneris auctor
        ipse sit, hospitio recipit somnoque gravatum
        adgreditur ferro
        The barbarian envies him; and that he himself may be deemed the author of so great a benefit,
        he receives him with hospitality, and, when overpowered with sleep,
        he attacks him with the sword.
Usage notes[edit]

Used in the following constructions: (1) can use the accusative with things or the dative with persons; and (2) can use the dative with the person or thing that causes envy; or the dative and/or ablative.


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • invideo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.