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From prō- +‎ videō (I see). Compare the parallel formations in Ancient Greek πρόοιδᾰ (próoida, to know in advance) and Sanskrit प्रविन्दति (pravindati, to foresee, anticipate, invent), from the same combination of roots.



prōvideō (present infinitive prōvidēre, perfect active prōvīdī, supine prōvīsum); second conjugation

  1. to foresee
  2. to be cautious; to act with foresight
  3. to provide, see to
  4. to look after, care for


   Conjugation of prōvideō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōvideō prōvidēs prōvidet prōvidēmus prōvidētis prōvident
imperfect prōvidēbam prōvidēbās prōvidēbat prōvidēbāmus prōvidēbātis prōvidēbant
future prōvidēbō prōvidēbis prōvidēbit prōvidēbimus prōvidēbitis prōvidēbunt
perfect prōvīdī prōvīdistī prōvīdit prōvīdimus prōvīdistis prōvīdērunt,
pluperfect prōvīderam prōvīderās prōvīderat prōvīderāmus prōvīderātis prōvīderant
future perfect prōvīderō prōvīderis prōvīderit prōvīderimus prōvīderitis prōvīderint
passive present prōvideor prōvidēris,
prōvidētur prōvidēmur prōvidēminī prōvidentur
imperfect prōvidēbar prōvidēbāris,
prōvidēbātur prōvidēbāmur prōvidēbāminī prōvidēbantur
future prōvidēbor prōvidēberis,
prōvidēbitur prōvidēbimur prōvidēbiminī prōvidēbuntur
perfect prōvīsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect prōvīsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect prōvīsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōvideam prōvideās prōvideat prōvideāmus prōvideātis prōvideant
imperfect prōvidērem prōvidērēs prōvidēret prōvidērēmus prōvidērētis prōvidērent
perfect prōvīderim prōvīderīs prōvīderit prōvīderīmus prōvīderītis prōvīderint
pluperfect prōvīdissem prōvīdissēs prōvīdisset prōvīdissēmus prōvīdissētis prōvīdissent
passive present prōvidear prōvideāris,
prōvideātur prōvideāmur prōvideāminī prōvideantur
imperfect prōvidērer prōvidērēris,
prōvidērētur prōvidērēmur prōvidērēminī prōvidērentur
perfect prōvīsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect prōvīsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōvidē prōvidēte
future prōvidētō prōvidētō prōvidētōte prōvidentō
passive present prōvidēre prōvidēminī
future prōvidētor prōvidētor prōvidentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives prōvidēre prōvīdisse prōvīsūrum esse prōvidērī prōvīsum esse prōvīsum īrī
participles prōvidēns prōvīsūrus prōvīsus prōvidendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
prōvidendī prōvidendō prōvidendum prōvidendō prōvīsum prōvīsū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • provideo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • provideo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • provideo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to foresee the future: futura providere (not praevidere)
    • to look after the commissariat: rem frumentariam comparare, providere
    • to provide corn-supplies for the troops: frumentum providere exercitui