hinder

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See also: hinder-

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hindren, from Old English hindrian, from Proto-Germanic *hindrōną, *hinderōną (to hinder), from Proto-Germanic *hinder (back) (adverb). Cognate with Dutch hinderen and German hindern, Latin contra (back, against).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hinder (third-person singular simple present hinders, present participle hindering, simple past and past participle hindered)

  1. (transitive) To make difficult to accomplish; to act as an obstacle; to frustrate.
    Synonyms: delay, frustrate, hamper, impede, obstruct, prevent, thwart; see also Thesaurus:hinder
    Antonyms: assist, expedite, facilitate, help
    A drought hinders the growth of plants.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii], page 75, column 2:
      We doubt not of a faire and luckie Warre, / Since God ſo graciouſly hath brought to light / This dangerous Treaſon, lurking in our way, / To hinder our beginnings.
    • 2011 December 10, David Ornstein, “Arsenal 1 – 0 Everton”, in BBC Sport[1], archived from the original on 5 December 2018:
      Arsenal were playing without a recognised full-back – their defence comprising four centre-halves – and the lack of width was hindering their progress.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To delay or impede; to keep back, to prevent.
    She hindered a man from committing suicide.
    Synonyms: bar, block, delay, hamper, impede, obstruct, restrain, stop
    Antonyms: aid, assist, help
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To cause harm.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

comparative form of hind: more hind

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hinder (not comparable)

  1. Of or belonging to that part or end which is in the rear or hind, or which follows.
    the hinder end of a wagon
    the hinder parts of a horse
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      Let no man say that the Devil is not a cruel tyrant. He may give his folk some scrapings of unhallowed pleasure, but he will exact tithes, yea, of anise and cummin, in return, and there is aye the reckoning to pay at the hinder end.
    • 1990, C. W. H. Havard (ed.), Black's Medical Dictionary, 36th edition, p 673
      On a line dividing the front two-thirds from the hinder one-third, and set in the shape of a V, is a row of seven to twelve large flat-topped circumvallate papillae, []

hinder

  1. comparative form of hind: more hind
Usage notes[edit]

Most current uses of this adjective occur in anatomical contexts.

Quotations[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (of or belonging to that part in the rear): fore, front
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

hinder (plural hinders)

  1. (slang, euphemistic) The buttocks.
    • 1997, Richard Laliberte and Stephen C. George, The Men's Health Guide to Peak Conditioning [2], →ISBN, page 195:
      Like martial arts, in-line skating is predicated on the notion that sooner or later you're going to end up on your hinder.
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb hindre (to hinder). Compare Swedish hinder, German Low German hinder, hinter, Dutch hinder

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /henˀ(d)ər/, [ˈhenˀɐ], [ˈhenˀd̥ɐ]

Noun[edit]

hinder n

  1. (obsolete) hindrance, obstacle, impediment, obstruction
    in the modern language only in the expression være til hinder (to be in the way)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /henˀər/, [ˈhenˀɐ]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hinder c

  1. indefinite plural of hind

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hinder c

  1. indefinite plural of hinde

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hinder, from the verb hinderen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hinder m (uncountable)

  1. hindrance, impediment, obstruction

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

hinder

  1. first-person singular present indicative of hinderen
  2. imperative of hinderen

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

hinder

  1. inflection of hindern:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. singular imperative

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French aider (to help).

Verb[edit]

hinder

  1. (Saint-Domingue) to help
    Hinder nion monde dans bisoin.To help a person in need.

References[edit]

  • S.J Ducoeurjoly, Manuel des habitans de Saint-Domingue, contenant un précis de l'histoire de cette île

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hindr

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hinder n (definite singular hinderet or hindret, indefinite plural hinder or hindre, definite plural hindra or hindrene)

  1. obstacle, hindrance, impediment
  2. fence, jump, hurdle (in a competition)
  3. hurdles (athletics, race over hurdles)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hindr

Noun[edit]

hinder n (definite singular hinderet, indefinite plural hinder, definite plural hindera)

  1. obstacle, hindrance, impediment
  2. fence, jump, hurdle (in a competition)
  3. hurdles (athletics, race over hurdles)

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

hinder n

  1. obstacle, impediment, obstruction

Usage notes[edit]

  • (For some cases) Recommendations against the use of this word in legal prose, together with suggested replacements, are found in Svarta listan : Ord och fraser som kan ersättas i författningsspråk (4th ed., 2011), published by the government of Sweden. The recommendations apply primarily to governmental texts; they may or may not apply to other legal prose.

Declension[edit]

Declension of hinder 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hinder hindret hinder hindren
Genitive hinders hindrets hinders hindrens

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]