From Middle English hamper, contracted from hanaper, hanypere, from Anglo-Norman hanaper, Old French hanapier, hanepier (“case for holding a large goblet or cup”), from hanap (“goblet, drinking cup”), from Frankish *hnapp (“cup, bowl, basin”), from Proto-Germanic *hnappaz (“cup, bowl”). Cognate with Old High German hnapf (“cup, bowl, basin”) (German Napf (“bowl”)), Dutch nap (“cup”), Old English hnæpp (“bowl”). More at nap.
- hampire (obsolete)
hamper (plural hampers)
- A large basket, usually with a cover, used for the packing and carrying of articles or small animals
- a hamper of wine
- a clothes hamper
- an oyster hamper, which contains two bushels
- (uncommon outside New England) A wicker or plastic basket specifically for holding laundry (from clothes hamper), as opposed to a covered wicker basket which is a true hamper
- (Britain) A gift basket.
- (transitive) To put into a hamper.
- Competition pigeons are hampered for the truck trip to the point of release where the race back starts.
From Middle English hamperen, hampren (“to hamper, oppress”), probably of the same origin as English hamble (“to limp”), Scots hamp (“to halt in walking, stutter”), Dutch haperen (“to falter, hesitate”), German hemmen (“to stop, hinder, check”). More at hamble.
- (transitive) To put a hamper or fetter on; to shackle
- 1692, Roger L’Estrange, “ (please specify the fable number.) (please specify the name of the fable.)”, in Fables, of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists: […], London: […] R[ichard] Sare, […], OCLC 228727523:
- A lion hampered in a net.
- To impede in motion or progress.
- 1712, Richard Blackmore, Creation: A Philosophical Poem:
- Engend'ring heats, these one by one unbind, Stretch their small tubes, and hamper'd nerves unwind.
- 2020 April 8, Paul Stephen, “ECML dive-under drives divergence”, in Rail, page 44:
- NR Senior Programme Manager Adrian Elliott describes the progress to date: "The weather has played a big part in hampering the programme. We had the wettest autumn ever and a number of winter storms to contend with, [...]
hamper (plural hampers)
- A shackle; a fetter; anything which impedes.
- (nautical) Articles ordinarily indispensable, but in the way at certain times.
- 1847 March 30, Herman Melville, Omoo: A Narrative of Adventures in the South Seas; […], London: John Murray, […], OCLC 364546898:
- One afternoon there was a mighty queer noise aloft, which set the men running in every direction. It was the main-t'-gallant-mast. Crash! it broke off just above the cap, and held there by the rigging, dashed with every roll from side to side, with all the hamper that belonged to it.
- top-hamper (“unnecessary spars and rigging kept aloft”)
- “hamper” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.