este

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See also: -este, Este, éste, ėste, ešte, esté, and -ește

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

este (usually uncountable, plural estes)

  1. Alternative form of est

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iste (that). Cognate to Spanish este (this)

Determiner[edit]

este

  1. this

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern)

Noun[edit]

este m (plural estes)

  1. east

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin iste. Cf. Spanish este.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

este (feminine esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estes)

  1. (Valencia) this

Related terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

este (feminine esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estes)

  1. (Valencia) this (one), (in the plural) these (ones)

See also[edit]


Corsican[edit]

L'este.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French est. Cognates include Italian est and Spanish este.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛste/
  • Hyphenation: es‧te

Noun[edit]

este m (uncountable)

  1. east

References[edit]

  • este, est” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Creek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

este (plural estvlke)

  1. person

Adjective[edit]

este

  1. feminine singular of est

Elfdalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

este

  1. indefinite dative singular of est

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

estää +‎ -e

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈesteˣ/, [ˈe̞s̠t̪e̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -este
  • Syllabification: es‧te

Noun[edit]

este

  1. obstacle, barrier, hindrance, obstruction, impediment
    avioliiton esteimpediment to marriage
  2. excuse
    pätevä estevalid excuse
  3. (athletics) hurdle

Declension[edit]

Inflection of este (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative este esteet
genitive esteen esteiden
esteitten
partitive estettä esteitä
illative esteeseen esteisiin
esteihin
singular plural
nominative este esteet
accusative nom. este esteet
gen. esteen
genitive esteen esteiden
esteitten
partitive estettä esteitä
inessive esteessä esteissä
elative esteestä esteistä
illative esteeseen esteisiin
esteihin
adessive esteellä esteillä
ablative esteeltä esteiltä
allative esteelle esteille
essive esteenä esteinä
translative esteeksi esteiksi
instructive estein
abessive esteettä esteittä
comitative esteineen
Possessive forms of este (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person esteeni esteemme
2nd person esteesi esteenne
3rd person esteensä

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

este

  1. feminine singular of est

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese este, from Latin iste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

este m (feminine singular esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas, neuter isto)

  1. this
    Este libro é meu
    This book is mine

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The adverb sense is from the former est (evening) +‎ -vel (with) (a derivation similar to reggel or tavasszal). First the final -l wore off and the adverb estve (in the evening) was used for a long time[1] (still in use today in dialects), later the -v was dropped. The noun sense became independent from the compound word napeste (the fall of the sun). The noun est is from the es- stem of the verb esik (to fall) +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix). The es- stem is from Proto-Uralic *ećɜ- (to fall).[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛʃtɛ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es‧te
  • Rhymes: -tɛ

Adverb[edit]

este (not comparable)

  1. in the evening (from approximately 6 p.m. until going to bed; depends on working hours, daylight length, etc.)

Usage notes[edit]

Adverbs of temporal nouns     (see also: Appendix:Hungarian words of time)
no suffix (the noun can act as an adverb) nappal (daytime), reggel (early morning), délelőtt (late morning), délután (afternoon), este (evening), éjjel / éjszaka (night), and vasárnap (Sunday)
-kor (at) pirkadat / virradat (dawn), napkelte (sunrise), napnyugta (sunset), alkonyat (dusk), szürkület (twilight), éjfél (midnight), hours and minutes, and the names of holidays (húsvét (Easter) etc.)
-ban/-ben (in) dél (noon), hajnal (daybreak), names of months (januárdecember) and hónap (month), évszak (season), év (year) and specific years, évtized (decade) and longer periods
-n/-on/-en/-ön (on) days of the week (hétfőszombat) except Sunday, days of the month (elseje (1st), másodika (2nd) etc.), nap (day), hét (week), nyár (summer), and tél (winter)
-val/-vel (with, assimilated: -szal/-szel) tavasz (spring), ősz (autumn, fall)

Noun[edit]

este (plural esték)

  1. evening
    Synonym: (currently used in a narrower sense) est

Declension[edit]

For the terminative, estig is the most common form.

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative este esték
accusative estét estéket
dative estének estéknek
instrumental estével estékkel
causal-final estéért estékért
translative estévé estékké
terminative estéig estékig
essive-formal esteként estékként
essive-modal
inessive estében estékben
superessive estén estéken
adessive esténél estéknél
illative estébe estékbe
sublative estére estékre
allative estéhez estékhez
elative estéből estékből
delative estéről estékről
ablative estétől estéktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
estéé estéké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
estééi estékéi
Possessive forms of este
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estém estéim
2nd person sing. estéd estéid
3rd person sing. estéje estéi
1st person plural esténk estéink
2nd person plural estétek estéitek
3rd person plural estéjük estéik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ Compare Az estve (’The Evening’) by Mihály Csokonai (1794), with English translation
  2. ^ este in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  3. ^ est in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • (evening): este in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Finnish este.

Noun[edit]

este (genitive estien, partitive estettu)

  1. obstacle

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Form of the verb edō (I eat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēste

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of edō

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb sum (I am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

este

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of sum

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ēst, in turn from Proto-Germanic *anstiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

este (plural estes or esten)

  1. grace, est, favour
  2. pleasure, enjoyment, fun
  3. delicacy, delicious food

Descendants[edit]

  • English: est, este (obsolete)

References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

este

  1. good, pleasant

References[edit]


Mirandese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iste.

Pronoun[edit]

este m (feminine esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Mirandese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este, aqueste esta, aquesta estes, aquestes estas, aquestas isto, aquisto eiqui, acá
de + X deste, daqueste desta, daquesta destes, daquestes destas, daquestas disto, daquisto deiqui
an + X neste, naqueste nesta, naquesta nestes, naquestes nestas, naquestas nisto, naquisto
Medial X esse, aquesse essa, aquessa esses, aquesses essas, aquessas isso, aquisso alhi, eilhi
de + X desse, daquesse dessa, daquessa desses, daquesses dessas, daquessas disso, daquisso dalhi, deilhi
an + X nesse, naquesse nessa, naquessa nesses, naquesses nessas, naquessas nisso, naquisso
Distal X aquel aqueilha aqueilhes aqueilhas aqueilho, aquilho alhi, alhá
de + X daquel daqueilha daqueilhes daqueilhas daqueilho, daquilho dalhi, dalhá
an + X naquel naqueilha naqueilhes naqueilhas naqueilho, naquilho

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

este m (uncountable)

  1. east (one of the four principal compass points)
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:este.

Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
noroeste norte nordeste
oeste
poente
ocidente
Compass rose simple plain.svg leste
este
nascente
sudoeste sul sudeste


Adjective[edit]

este m or f (plural estes, comparable)

  1. eastern (of, situated in, or coming from the east)
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:este.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Portuguese este (displacing collateral form aqueste), from Latin iste.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

este m (feminine esta, plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this (indicates something or someone nearby)
  2. that (indicates something or someone just mentioned)
  3. this (indicates something or someone about to be mentioned)
  4. (of a unit of time) this (which is current)


Pronoun[edit]

'este m (feminine esta neuter isto, plural estes, feminine plural estas)

(definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. this one (indicates something or someone nearby)
  2. this one (indicates something or someone about to be mentioned)
  3. (of a unit of time) this (which is current)
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:este.

See also[edit]
Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali,
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • есте (Post-1930s (Moldavian) Cyrillic spelling)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin est with an epenthetic vowel, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Its similarity to Serbo-Croatian jeste is partially a coincidence.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

este

  1. third-person singular present indicative of fi: he/she is
    Ea este o femeie foarte frumoasă.
    She is a very beautiful woman.

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin iste.

Determiner[edit]

este m sg (feminine esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

Pronoun[edit]

este m sg (demonstrative, feminine esta, neuter esto, feminine plural estas, masculine plural estos, neuter plural estos)

  1. Alternative spelling of éste
Usage notes[edit]
  • The unaccented form can function as a pronoun if it can be unambiguously deduced as such from context.
Derived terms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Interjection[edit]

este

  1. uh, well (space filler in a conversation)

Etymology 2[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern), therefore related to English east and Spanish Austria.

Noun[edit]

este m (uncountable)

  1. east
    Synonym: oriente
    Antonyms: oeste, occidente
Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]



Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish este ("uh", "um"; interjection/phrase filler)

Interjection[edit]

este

  1. I mean
    Pupunta ako sa panaderya, este, restawran.
    I am going to the bakery, I mean, the restaurant.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Spanish este ("east")

Noun[edit]

este

  1. east
    Synonyms: oriente, silangan

Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi) (asthi)

Noun[edit]

este ?

  1. bone