अस्थि

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HastH-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃estH-, *h₃ost-.

Noun[edit]

अस्थि (asthim (Urdu spelling استھ)

  1. bone

Usage notes[edit]

अस्थि (asthi) is used to refer to cremated bones or ashes, and should not be used in everyday speech. हड्डी (haḍḍī) is the standard word.

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HastH-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ésth₁. Cognate with Persian است (ast), Latin os, Ancient Greek ὀστέον (ostéon).

Noun[edit]

अस्थि (asthin

  1. a bone
  2. the kernel of a fruit

Declension[edit]

Neuter i-stem declension of अस्थि
Nom. sg. अस्थि (asthi)
Gen. sg. अस्थिनः (asthinaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अस्थि (asthi) अस्थिनी (asthinī) अस्थीनि (asthīni)
Vocative अस्थि (asthi) अस्थिनी (asthinī) अस्थीनि (asthīni)
Accusative अस्थि (asthi) अस्थिनी (asthinī) अस्थीनि (asthīni)
Instrumental अस्थिना (asthinā) अस्थिभ्याम् (asthibhyām) अस्थिभिः (asthibhiḥ)
Dative अस्थिने (asthine) अस्थिभ्याम् (asthibhyām) अस्थिभ्यः (asthibhyaḥ)
Ablative अस्थिनः (asthinaḥ) अस्थिभ्याम् (asthibhyām) अस्थिभ्यः (asthibhyaḥ)
Genitive अस्थिनः (asthinaḥ) अस्थिनोः (asthinoḥ) अस्थीनाम् (asthīnām)
Locative अस्थिनि (asthini) अस्थिनोः (asthinoḥ) अस्थिषु (asthiṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 122