est

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Est, EST, Est., -est, êst, and ēst

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English este, from Old English ēst ‎(will, consent, favour, grace, liberality, munificence, bounty, kindness, love, good pleasure, harmony, liberal gifts, luxuries), from Proto-Germanic *anstiz ‎(favour, affection), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- ‎(to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Icelandic ást ‎(affection, love), Dutch gunst ‎(favour, grace, courtesy, privilege), German Gunst ‎(favour, goodwill, boon), Danish yndest ‎(favour), Swedish ynnest ‎(favour, indulgence, grace). More at own.

Noun[edit]

est ‎(usually uncountable, plural ests)

  1. (obsolete) Grace; favour.

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

est ‎(not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of established.
    • 2010, Julie Turjoman, Brave New Knits (page 49)
      Work sleeve, sl raglan marker, work in ribbing as est to cable marker

Etymology 3[edit]

Initialism.

Noun[edit]

est ‎(uncountable)

  1. Erhard Seminars Training, a course intended to promote satisfaction with life in the present moment, as opposed to strivings to attain it.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m ‎(uncountable)

  1. east
    a l'est del país
    in the east of the country

See also[edit]

Cardinal directions (punt cardinal):

NO N NE
O Compass rose simple plain.svg E
SO S SE
n-occ sept n-or
occ Compass rose simple plain.svg or
s-occ mer s-or

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

est m, f ‎(invariable)

  1. east

Noun[edit]

est m ‎(plural est)

  1. east

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of être
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the word esik.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est ‎(plural estek)

  1. evening, eve
  2. recital, party

Declension[edit]

Inflection (plural in -ek, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative est estek
accusative estet esteket
dative estnek esteknek
instrumental esttel estekkel
causal-final estért estekért
translative estté estekké
terminative estig estekig
essive-formal estként estekként
essive-modal
inessive estben estekben
superessive esten esteken
adessive estnél esteknél
illative estbe estekbe
sublative estre estekre
allative esthez estekhez
elative estből estekből
delative estről estekről
ablative esttől estektől
Possessive forms of est
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estem estjeim
2nd person sing. ested estjeid
3rd person sing. estje estjei
1st person plural estünk estjeink
2nd person plural estetek estjeitek
3rd person plural estjük estjeik

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m ‎(invariable)

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognate with Sanskrit अस्ति ‎(ásti), Ancient Greek ἐστί ‎(estí), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎡𐎹 ‎(astiy), Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒍣 ‎(ēszi), Old Church Slavonic єстъ ‎(estŭ), Gothic 𐌹𐍃𐍄 ‎(ist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of sum
    Marcus agricola est.‎ ― "Marcus is a farmer."
    Est senex.‎ ― "He is old."
    Est puella in vīllā.‎ ― "There is a girl in the villa."
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb edō ‎(I eat). Cognate with Russian есть ‎(jestʹ).

Verb[edit]

ēst

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of edō
Synonyms[edit]

Middle French[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • êt (continental Normandy)
  • êst (Jersey)

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

Noun[edit]

est m ‎(uncountable)

  1. (Guernsey) east

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *anstiz ‎(grace, thanks), derivative of Proto-Germanic *unnaną ‎(to grant, thank), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- ‎(to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Old Saxon anst ‎(grace, favour), Old High German anst ‎(goodwill, benevolence, thanks, grace), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐍃𐍄𐍃 ‎(ansts, joy, grace, thankfulness). Related to Old English unnan ‎(to grant, allow). More at own.

Noun[edit]

ēst m, f ‎(nominative plural ēste)

  1. consent, grace, favor; kindness
  2. pleasure

Declension[edit]

Masculine
Feminine

Synonyms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French est.

Noun[edit]

est n ‎(uncountable)

  1. east

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of èssere

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est c

  1. Estonian; a person from Estonia

Declension[edit]

Inflection of est 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative est esten ester esterna
Genitive ests estens esters esternas

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. (colloquial) second-person singular preterite of mynd

Synonyms[edit]