est

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Est, EST, êst, ēst, -est, est., and Est.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English este, from Old English ēst (will, consent, favour, grace, liberality, munificence, bounty, kindness, love, good pleasure, harmony, liberal gifts, luxuries), from Proto-Germanic *anstiz (favour, affection), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Icelandic ást (affection, love), Dutch gunst (favour, grace, courtesy, privilege), German Gunst (favour, goodwill, boon), Danish yndest (favour), Swedish ynnest (favour, indulgence, grace). More at own.

Noun[edit]

est (usually uncountable, plural ests)

  1. (obsolete) Grace; favour.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

est (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of established.
    • 2010, Julie Turjoman, Brave New Knits (page 49)
      Work sleeve, sl raglan marker, work in ribbing as est to cable marker

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Initialism.

Noun[edit]

est (uncountable)

  1. Erhard Seminars Training, a course intended to promote satisfaction with life in the present moment, as opposed to strivings to attain it.

Alternative forms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French est, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m (uncountable)

  1. east
    a l'est del país
    in the east of the country

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Cardinal directions (punt cardinal):

NO N NE
O Compass rose simple plain.svg E
SO S SE
n-occ sept n-or
occ Compass rose simple plain.svg or
s-occ mer s-or

External links[edit]


Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. (archaic) present tense of være, second person singular (art)
    • 1812, Udvalgte danske Viser fra Middelalderen, page 19
      Om jeg end Engene hver Nat / I Sorgen maa betræde, / Din Magt den har mig altid fat, / Dog du est ej tilstede: ...
      Even if I, each night, the meadows / Had to walk upon, mourningly, / Your power always has its grip on me, / Though thou art not present: ...
    • 1863, Ludvig baron Holberg, Frederik Ludvig LIEBENBERG, Vilhelm MARSTRAND, Ludvig Holbergs Peder Paars, udgivet for det Holbergske Samfund af F. L. Liebenberg, page 152
      Jeg nesten gietter hvad til saadant dig har dreven: / Du est vist uden Tvivl for Døden bange bleven. / Rak, giør Dig reede strax, paa Rejsen dig begiv, / Kald Folket sammen; see, du redde kand dit Liv!
      I can sort of guess what has driven you to such things: / Undoubtedly, you art become frightened of death. / Rabble, prepare yourself straight away, commence the journey, / Call together the people; see, you can save your life!

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

est m, f (invariable)

  1. east

Noun[edit]

est m (plural est)

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of être
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the word esik.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est (plural estek)

  1. evening, eve
  2. recital, party

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative est estek
accusative estet esteket
dative estnek esteknek
instrumental esttel estekkel
causal-final estért estekért
translative estté estekké
terminative estig estekig
essive-formal estként estekként
essive-modal
inessive estben estekben
superessive esten esteken
adessive estnél esteknél
illative estbe estekbe
sublative estre estekre
allative esthez estekhez
elative estből estekből
delative estről estekről
ablative esttől estektől
Possessive forms of est
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estem estjeim
2nd person sing. ested estjeid
3rd person sing. estje estjei
1st person plural estünk estjeink
2nd person plural estetek estjeitek
3rd person plural estjük estjeik

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French est, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m (invariable)

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognate with Sanskrit अस्ति (ásti), Ancient Greek ἐστί (estí), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎡𐎹 (astiy), Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒍣 (ēszi), Old Church Slavonic єстъ (estŭ), Gothic 𐌹𐍃𐍄 (ist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of sum
    Marcus agricola est."Marcus is a farmer."
    Est senex."He is old."
    Est puella in vīllā."There is a girl in the villa."
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Asturian: ye
  • Catalan: és
  • French: est
  • Galician: é
  • Italian: è
  • Portuguese: é
  • Romanian: este, e
  • Sardinian: est
  • Spanish: es

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb edō (I eat). Cognate with Russian есть (jestʹ).

Verb[edit]

ēst

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of edō
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • est in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle French[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • êt (continental Normandy)
  • êst (Jersey)

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

Noun[edit]

est m (uncountable)

  1. (Guernsey, Sark) east

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *anstiz (grace, thanks), derivative of Proto-Germanic *unnaną (to grant, thank), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Old Saxon anst (grace, favour), Old High German anst (goodwill, benevolence, thanks, grace), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐍃𐍄𐍃 (ansts, joy, grace, thankfulness). Related to Old English unnan (to grant, allow). More at own.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēst m, f (nominative plural ēste)

  1. consent, grace, favor; kindness
  2. pleasure

Declension[edit]

  • Masculine
  • Feminine

Synonyms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French est, from Old English ēast.

Noun[edit]

est n (uncountable)

  1. east

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of èssere

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est c

  1. Estonian; a person from Estonia

Declension[edit]

Declension of est 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative est esten ester esterna
Genitive ests estens esters esternas

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. (colloquial) second-person singular preterite of mynd

Synonyms[edit]