est

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See also: Est, EST, êst, èst, ēst, -est, est., and Est.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English este, from Old English ēst (will, consent, favour, grace, liberality, munificence, bounty, kindness, love, good pleasure, harmony, liberal gifts, luxuries), from Proto-Germanic *anstiz (favour, affection), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (to notice; face, mouth) or from *h₃neh₂- (to bestow, offer, help; to enjoy). Cognate with Icelandic ást (affection, love), Dutch gunst (favour, grace, courtesy, privilege), German Gunst (favour, goodwill, boon), Danish yndest (favour), Swedish ynnest (favour, indulgence, grace). More at own.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

est (usually uncountable, plural ests)

  1. (obsolete) Grace; favour.

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

est (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of established.
    • 2010, Julie Turjoman, Brave New Knits (page 49)
      Work sleeve, sl raglan marker, work in ribbing as est to cable marker

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Initialism.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

est (uncountable)

  1. Erhard Seminars Training, a course intended to promote satisfaction with life in the present moment, as opposed to strivings to attain it.

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

est (third person present singular indicative esti, past participle fute)

  1. I am.

Conjugation[edit]

past participle fute
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
mini tini nes, nese, el noi voi nesh, nesi, ei / eyi, eli
present est esht esti him hits sent

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m (uncountable)

  1. east
    a l'est del país
    in the east of the country

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

(compass points) punt cardinal;

nord-oest
(n-occ)
nord
(sept)
nord-est
(n-or)
oest
(occ)
Compass rose simple plain.svg est
(or)
sud-oest
(s-occ)
sud
(mer)
sud-est
(s-or)

Further reading[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English est.

Noun[edit]

est m

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Corsican[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛst/
  • Hyphenation: est

Noun[edit]

est m (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of este

References[edit]

  • este, est” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse est, from Proto-Germanic *izi, with addition of -t from the preterite-present verbs. The Germanic form goes back to Proto-Indo-European *h₁ési, cognate with Latin es, Ancient Greek εἶ (), Sanskrit असि (ási).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. (archaic-verb-form) present tense second-person singular of være ((thou) art)
    • 1812, Udvalgte danske Viser fra Middelalderen, page 19
      Om jeg end Engene hver Nat / I Sorgen maa betræde, / Din Magt den har mig altid fat, / Dog du est ej tilstede: ...
      Even if I, each night, the meadows / Must walk upon, mourningly, / Thy power always has its grip on me, / Though thou art not present: ...
    • 1863, Ludvig baron Holberg, Frederik Ludvig LIEBENBERG, Vilhelm MARSTRAND, Ludvig Holbergs Peder Paars, udgivet for det Holbergske Samfund af F. L. Liebenberg, page 152
      Jeg nesten gietter hvad til saadant dig har dreven: / Du est vist uden Tvivl for Døden bange bleven. / Rak, giør Dig reede strax, paa Rejsen dig begiv, / Kald Folket sammen; see, du redde kand dit Liv!
      I can sort of guess what has driven thee to such things: / Undoubtedly, thou art become frightened of death. / Rabble, prepare thyself straight away, commence the journey, / Call together the people; see, thou canst save thy life!

Elfdalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m

  1. horse

Declension[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

est (invariable)

  1. east

Noun[edit]

est m (uncountable)

  1. east

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: este
  • Catalan: est
  • Corsican: este, est
  • Galician: leste
  • Italian: est
  • Occitan: èst
  • Portuguese: este, leste
  • Romanian: est
  • Spanish: este

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of être
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the es- stem of the verb esik (to fall) +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛʃt]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃt

Noun[edit]

est (plural estek)

  1. (archaic) evening, eve
    Synonym: este
  2. (literary, by extension) recital, party (in the evening)
    műsoros estan evening with entertainment

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative est estek
accusative estet esteket
dative estnek esteknek
instrumental esttel estekkel
causal-final estért estekért
translative estté estekké
terminative estig estekig
essive-formal estként estekként
essive-modal
inessive estben estekben
superessive esten esteken
adessive estnél esteknél
illative estbe estekbe
sublative estre estekre
allative esthez estekhez
elative estből estekből
delative estről estekről
ablative esttől estektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
esté esteké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
estéi estekéi
Possessive forms of est
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estem estjeim
2nd person sing. ested estjeid
3rd person sing. estje estjei
1st person plural estünk estjeink
2nd person plural estetek estjeitek
3rd person plural estjük estjeik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ est in Tótfalusi, István: Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN   (See also its second, revised, expanded edition published in 2021: →ISBN)
  3. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • est in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est m (invariable)

  1. east
    Synonyms: oriente, levante

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Cognate with Sanskrit अस्ति (ásti), Ancient Greek ἐστί (estí), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎡𐎹 (a-s-t-i-y /astiy/), Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒍣 (ēszi), Old Church Slavonic ѥстъ (jestŭ), Gothic 𐌹𐍃𐍄 (ist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of sum
    Marcus agricola est."Marcus is a farmer."
    Est senex."He is old."
    Est puella in vīllā."There is a girl in the villa."
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of the verb edō (I eat). Cognate with Russian есть (jestʹ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēst

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of edō
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.66-67:
      Est mollis flamma medullas / interea, et tacitum vivit sub pectore vulnus.
      A soft flame consumes her [Dido's] bonemarrow meanwhile, as a quiet wound lives in her chest.
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • est in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ēast, in turn from Proto-Germanic *austrą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est

  1. east, easternness
  2. A location to the south; the south
  3. The Orient

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Adverb[edit]

est

  1. To the east, eastwards, eastbound
  2. From the east, eastern
  3. In the east

Descendants[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • êt (continental Normandy)
  • êst (Jersey)

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Old English ēast.

Noun[edit]

est m (uncountable)

  1. (Guernsey, Sark) east

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *anstiz (grace, thanks), derivative of Proto-Germanic *unnaną (to grant, thank), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (to notice; face, mouth). Cognate with Old Saxon anst (grace, favour), Old High German anst (goodwill, benevolence, thanks, grace), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐍃𐍄𐍃 (ansts, joy, grace, thankfulness). Related to Old English unnan (to grant, allow). More at own.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēst m or f (nominative plural ēste)

  1. consent, grace, favor; kindness
  2. pleasure

Declension[edit]

  • Masculine
  • Feminine

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of estre

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast.

Noun[edit]

est n (uncountable)

  1. east

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

nord-vest nord
(miazănoapte)
nord-est
vest
(apus)
Compass rose simple plain.svg est
(răsărit)
sud-vest sud
(miazăzi)
sud-est

Further reading[edit]


Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

est

  1. third-person singular present indicative of èssere

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

est c

  1. Estonian; a person from Estonia

Declension[edit]

Declension of est 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative est esten ester esterna
Genitive ests estens esters esternas

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

est

  1. (colloquial) second-person singular preterite of mynd

Synonyms[edit]