εἰμί

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See also: εἶμι

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*h₁es-

From Proto-Hellenic *ehmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi ‎(I am, I exist). Cognate with Old English eom (English am), Latin sum, Sanskrit अस्मि ‎(asmi), Old Armenian եմ ‎(em), and so on. More at *h₁es- ‎(to be, exist).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

εἰμί ‎(eimí)

  1. To be, exist; (of persons) live
    1. (of events) To happen
    2. To be the case
  2. (copulative) To be [+nominative = something, someone]
  3. (third person, impersonal) it is possible [+infinitive = that ...]
  4. Participle ὤν ‎(ṓn): actual, real
    1. Neuter participle ὄν ‎(ón) as substantive: reality
    2. Neuter dative singular of the participle τῷ ὄντι ‎(tōî ónti) as adverb: in fact, in reality

Inflection[edit]

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