-est

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See also: est, Est, EST, êst, ēst, est., and Est.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English -st, from Proto-Germanic *-istaz, *-ōstaz, related to comparative -er. Cognate of Dutch -st, German -(e)st, Danish -(e)st, Swedish -(a)st.

Suffix[edit]

-est

  1. Used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.
    longest, biggest, fastest
Usage notes[edit]
  • See -er for notes on the usage of this suffix to form superlatives.
  • Occasionally, the -est suffix is added to a verbal adjective as a substitute for most. An example is winningest.
Coordinate terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English -est, -st, from Old English -est, -ast, -st, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *-zi, from Proto-Indo-European *-si. The -t was by transfer from inverted order where thou followed the verb, which also occurred in most dialects of Middle Dutch and Middle High German (compare modern German -st).

Suffix[edit]

-est

  1. (archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense and past tense of verbs.
    goest, makest, wentest, madest
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ust-.

Suffix[edit]

-est f

  1. suffix forming feminine nouns, originally from verbs
    eornost(earnest)
    þēnest(service)
    ofost(haste)
    orrest(battle, combat)

Declension[edit]