가장

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞ자ᇰ〮 (Yale: kòcáng). Original meaning: "very, extremely". Superlative meaning ("most") from sixteenth century onward. Displaced previous superlative adverbs 안〮직 (Yale: áncìk), ᄆᆞᆺ〮 (Yale: mós).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gajang
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gajang
McCune–Reischauer?kajang
Yale Romanization?kacang

Adverb[edit]

가장 (gajang)

  1. most, -est
    Synonym: 제일(第一) (jeil)
    사전 가장 좋아.
    I sajeoni gajang joayo.
    This dictionary is the best.
    우사인 볼트 지구상에서 가장 빠른 사람이에.
    Usain Bolteuneun jigusang'eseo gajang ppareun saramieyo.
    Usain Bolt is the fastest person on Earth.

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (fake) + (burial)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈka̠(ː)d͡ʑa̠ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gajang
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gajang
McCune–Reischauer?kajang
Yale Romanization?kācang

Noun[edit]

가장 (gajang) (hanja 假葬)

  1. A hurried or temporary burial
  2. Burying a child

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 家長, from (family) + (master)

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gajang
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gajang
McCune–Reischauer?kajang
Yale Romanization?kacang

Noun[edit]

가장 (gajang) (hanja 家長)

  1. the head of a family

References[edit]

  • Lee, Ju Haeng (이주행); Lee Kyu Hang (이규항), Kim Sang Jun (김상준) (2004) , “가장”, in 한국어 발음사전: Korean Pronouncing Dictionary, Seoul: Jigu Publishing, →ISBN, page 27
  • National Institute of the Korean Language (Naver.com mirror) (accessed 2007-01-03) , “가장”, in 표준국어대사전[1]
  • National Institute of the Korean Language (Naver.com mirror) (accessed 2007-01-03) , “가장”, in 표준국어대사전[2]
  • Choe, Jong-du (최종두), ed. (2005) , “가장”, in 새국어사전, Seoul: Isangsa, page 8