家長

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 家长

Chinese[edit]

 
home; family; ‑ist
home; family; ‑ist; ‑er; ‑ian; measure word for stores and schools
 
long; length; forever
long; length; forever; always; constantly; chief; head; elder; to grow; to develop
trad. (家長)
simp. (家长)
Wikipedia has an article on:

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/3
Initial () (28) (9)
Final () (98) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠa/ /ʈɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚa/ /ʈiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ka/ /ȶiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨ/ /ʈɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ka/ /ȶiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ka/ /ȶĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ka/ /ȶi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiā zhǎng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiā zhǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹  › ‹ trjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁra/ /*traŋʔ/
English household grow; elder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3
No. 5919 1263
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraː/ /*taŋʔ/

Noun[edit]

家長

  1. head of a household; family head; patriarch
  2. parent(s) or guardian of a minor (especially a student)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (家長):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ちょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Sinitic 家長.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(ちょう) (kachō

  1. the head of a household, a householder
  2. a patriarch
  3. a matriarch

Usage notes[edit]

Historically, this role has more commonly been filled by a man. However, this word alone is generally not gender-specific, and can refer to either a male or female head of household. To specify a particular gender, this word may be prefixed with either (onna, woman) or (otoko, man).

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

家長 (gajang) (hangeul 가장)

  1. Hanja form? of 가장 (the head of a family).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

家長

  1. Hán tự form of gia trưởng (the head of a family).

Adjective[edit]

家長

  1. Hán tự form of gia trưởng (patriarchal; paternalistic).