matriarch

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin, via or reinforced by Old French matriarche, from māter ‎(mother) + -archa, -arches, from Ancient Greek -άρχης ‎(-árkhēs), from ἀρχός ‎(arkhós, chief), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *arkhein ‎(to begin, rule, command). Surface analysis matri- +‎ -arch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

matriarch ‎(plural matriarchs)

  1. A female leader of a family, a tribe or an ethnic or religious group.
    1. The dominant female in a family group of elephants
  2. A female founder of a political or religious movement, an organization or an enterprise.

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

matriarch f ‎(plural matriarchen, diminutive matriarchje n, masculine patriarch)

  1. matriarch

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